Category:Climate Policy

From Green Policy
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Climate Change, Citizen Action @ GreenPolicy360:



Climate Headlines | Climate News

GreenPolicy360: Methane hot spots we're coming to find you, identify you, act to stop you and enforce climate laws.

"Super emitters", we have a message for you, you can't hide....




"Time for Enforcing Climate Action, Time for Planet Citizens to Rise Up"

What's Your Nation's Climate Plan?

GreenPolicy360's "GRN360 Climate Plans Enforcement"

Calls to Action, Local & Global
"Turning National Climate Plans, Pledges & Promises into Reality"

Climate Plans Enforcement Project - 2.png



GreenPolicy360 Climate Plans Enforcement Project


Methods to Enforce National Climate Plans & Pledges

NASA has a new mission... against Methane.png

EDF satellite - methane tracking.png

MethaneSat - 1.jpg

MethaneSat - 2.PNG

MethaneSat - 3.PNG

Question & Answer, a #PlanetCitizens Q&A Session

Identify the CO2 Source Emissions, then Act to Enforce Each Nation's Laws Regulating Emissions

Tools for Planet Citizen Action, Community-by- Community, Nation-by-Nation

World Temp in 2023.jpg


Climate science 'Insights Report' delivered to the 28th International Climate Summit

December, 2023 in the UAE

The 1.5-degree reduction target has become a rallying point for nations attending the COP28 climate talks, despite rising certainty among scientists that the world will spill over that threshold, potentially within a decade. Temperatures have already risen between 1.1 and 1.3 degrees.

It may be possible to bring global temperatures back down again, using still-unproven technological means to draw carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. But at least some overshoot is probably unavoidable, scientists said in the new report to the U.N.

The looming shadow of overshoot is one of 10 stark warnings the researchers presented Sunday in an annual report on top climate science insights from the past year. Launched in 2017, the series is coordinated by scientific organizations Future Earth and Earth League, alongside the World Climate Research Programme, whose scientific work helps inform national climate commitments worldwide. The report is presented each year to the U.N. during its annual climate conference.

This year’s report includes a variety of findings.

Mountain glaciers are swiftly shrinking. Natural landscapes, like forests and wetlands, may soak up less carbon dioxide as the planet warms, causing more pollution to linger in the atmosphere. Compound climate events — multiple extreme weather disasters happening at the same time or in rapid succession — are a growing threat.

The report also includes insights on the links between climate change and biodiversity loss, the role that food systems can play in reducing carbon emissions, the plight of global populations that lack resources to relocate in the face of worsening climate impacts, and the importance of just and equitable climate adaptation efforts.

The findings on the 1.5-degree target are among its starkest conclusions.

Nations have not reduced greenhouse gas emissions quickly enough to stay on track, the report finds. The world can emit only a certain amount of carbon before the 1.5-degree target slips out of reach, and recent studies suggest that threshold will arrive in about six years if humans keep burning carbon at their current rates...


Copernicus Climate Change Service


Earth is on track for its hottest year on record, about 1.4 degrees Celsius (2.5 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than pre-industrial times, according to Samantha Burgess, Copernicus’ deputy director.

And the 'Global Surface Air Temperatures' Data ... it is a <insert exclamation here> trendline

"gobsmackingly bananas" ...
"the largest monthly climate anomaly ever observed"

The Copernicus Climate Change Service / C3S:

informing policy development to protect citizens from climate-related hazards such as high-impact weather events;
improving the planning of mitigation and adaptation practices for key human and societal activities;
promoting the development of new services for the benefit of society.

The Climate Service provides comprehensive climate information covering a wide range of components of the Earth system (atmosphere, land, ocean, sea-ice and carbon) and timescales spanning decades to centuries (i.e. based on the instrumental record). It maximises the use of past, current and future Earth observations (from in-situ and satellite observing systems) in conjunction with modelling, supercomputing and networking capabilities. This conjunction will produce a consistent, comprehensive and credible description of the past, current and future climate.

This wealth of climate information is the basis for generating a wide variety of climate indicators aimed at supporting adaptation and mitigation policies in Europe in a number of sectors, including:

Water management
Agriculture and forestry
Disaster risk reduction
Coastal areas

How is the information evaluated and communicated?

A continual and independent evaluation process ensures the integrity and traceability of the climate information underpinning the service.

Effective evaluation and quality control ensure C3S represents the latest developments in climate science and that innovative service elements are introduced reflecting current research.

The C3S outreach strategy aims to ensure effective and consistent communication from the service elements to the users. It aims to promote the service to relevant bodies and create public awareness of the role of the Climate Change Service by developing educational resources and organising events to raise awareness of climate change issues.

Visit the Euro climate science and policy centre / center ...

Resources / Media / News

'Green' Hydrogen: A 'Clean Energy' Solution?

US 'Big Science', Global Environmental & Climate Change, Vision, Mission, and Strategic Planning

The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is a federal program mandated by Congress to coordinate federal research and investments in understanding the forces shaping the global environment, both human and natural, and their impacts on society. USGCRP facilitates collaboration and cooperation across its 14 federal member agencies to advance understanding of the changing Earth system and maximize efficiencies in federal global change research.

Together, USGCRP and its member agencies provide a gateway to authoritative science, tools, and resources to help people and organizations across the country manage risks and respond to changing environmental conditions.


Fighting climate denialism involves providing accurate and reliable information to counter misinformation and misunderstandings about climate change...

CO2 photo.JPG

ChatGPT talks of fighting climate denialism.png

Fox News/Opinion / February 24, 2023

Retirement savings of millions of Americans could go to companies worried about climate change

Biden's ESG investment rules threaten your retirement savings

GOP to Vote 'anti-woke'

The E.S.G. Fight Looms Ahead

GreenPolicy360's position -- 'Yes, properly, intelligently, appropriately, wisely, pick your word for smart investing. Our word is an acronym. ESG, and ESG investing's time is now'

Kentucky passed a law targeting banks and their climate policies. Bankers sued the attorney general. Whose definition of investment risk should prevail?

Harvard Environmental & Energy Law Program

Environment, social, and governance (ESG) factors have boomed in recent years

Bloomberg projects that ESG investments may surpass $41 trillion worldwide by the end of 2022, up from $22.8 trillion in 2016. In the US alone, sustainable investments grew to $17.1 trillion in 2020, which accounts for a third of US assets under management according to the US Forum for Sustainable and Responsible Investment.

As interest in ESG investing grows, there is considerable variation in how fund managers define ESG and how funds approach ESG investing. For example, some funds may exclude certain polluting investments like oil and gas, while other funds may include some oil and gas companies based on their stated commitment to decarbonization. There is also variation in the utility of the ESG label to investors: researchers have found high levels of misleading claims among ESG funds.

Regulators and investors are questioning the approach and impact of many ESG funds. Given the lack of relevant reporting requirements, it’s difficult for investors to understand how a fund accounts for ESG factors in investment decisions and what impacts those investments have on the issues they claim to address.

Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance

Long-Awaited ESG Rules

June 2022

On May 25, 2022, in a long-awaited move, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued a pair of rule proposals related to the use of environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) investment practices by open-end and closed-end registered investment companies, as well as by business development companies (“BDCs,” and collectively, “funds”). The SEC’s stated goals with these proposals are to increase transparency and confidence in funds that consider ESG factors as part of their investment process, given the recent and ongoing dramatic growth in investor interest in ESG investing. The SEC believes that investors looking to participate in ESG investing currently face a lack of consistent, comparable and reliable information among funds that claim to consider one or more ESG factors.

The first proposal seeks to create a robust disclosure and reporting framework for funds regarding their ESG investment practices. To effectuate this goal, the proposal would make a number of amendments to the registration and reporting forms utilized by funds in their securities offerings and ongoing periodic reporting. While the SEC does not generally prescribe specific disclosures for particular investment strategies, the SEC believes that ESG strategies and disclosures differ materially in certain respects that necessitate specific requirements and mandatory content standards to assist investors in making more informed investment decisions.

The second proposal would amend Rule 35d-1 (the so-called “Names Rule”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”), to, among other things, add new requirements for funds that consider ESG factors in connection with their investment practices. The SEC believes that the Names Rule, which has not been amended since its adoption over 20 years ago, has not kept pace with industry developments and product evolution. Additionally, the SEC emphasized that competitive pressures may incentivize asset managers to include words in a fund’s name as a way to attract investor assets—for example, terms related to ESG. Further, the SEC expressed concern that the current Names Rule may permit funds to depart, over time, from the investment focus suggested by their name. Importantly, the proposed amendments to the Names Rule also would have significant implications for non-ESG funds, especially for those funds that may invest in more illiquid assets (including funds of private funds), and would mark a significant change, as the rule does not currently apply to commonly used fund names that focus on investment strategies instead of particular investments, such as “growth” or “income” funds.

Each proposal was approved by the SEC in a 3-1 vote along party lines, with Commissioner Peirce dissenting. The proposals will remain open for public comment for 60 days after their publication in the Federal Register.

ESG Factors

Environmental, social, and governance investing

Act Now with Business Intelligence

ESG Creates Value

Deloitte Insight into ESG


GreenPolicy360 and Strategic Demands:

New Definitions of National Security



Bookmark Climate Policy @GreenPolicy360


GreenPolicy360's Story: Five Decades+ of Atmospheric/Earth Science, Climate Activism

EarthScience Missions via the EOS - 2022.png

GreenPolicy360 Siterunner: News from NOAA today. This is type of work I've been focusing on... #EarthScience ... since the launch of #EarthDay in 1970. I'm remembering George Brown explaining to Gaylord Nelson in a planning mtg how we needed data, climate info w a baseline and access to the data sets for scientists, educators, and public. Rep Brown told the Senator that he'd get the job going in his com't oversight role. He did -- for three decades George shepherded NASA/NOAA/USGS/JPL, a flock of Earth Science missions, programs and their funding. George was referred to over the years as the 'Big Science' man ...

Read the latest (Feb. 2023) on these 'Vital Signs' data gathering missions...


Earth Observing System and an Eco Operating System

A Whole Earth Point of View
The Modern Environmental Movement, Beginnings to Now

Earth Science Vital Signs

Atmospheric Science | | Climate Policy | Earth Science Research from Space | Planet Citizens


Generation Green


"We are the first generation to scientifically and systemically monitor the 'Vital Signs' of the Earth...



Planet Citizen Action

Planet Citizen Action and a "CEOS", a Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

GreenPolicy360 welcomes the arrival of a global science mission, a "Global Stocktake", a collection of earth science data to be made available to the community of nations, to planet citizen activists and scientists, educational institutions, non-profits, NGOs, young and old to become tools for legal enforcement of national climate plans & pledges.

Global Stocktake, the first GST.jpg


See GreenPolicy 2021 initiative for Legally Enforcing National Climate Plans

Visit GreenPolicy360's "Climate Plans Enforcement" (Project-in-Dev 2021-2022)

"Turning National Climate Pledges & Promises into Reality"


NASA has a new mission... against Methane.png

GreenPolicy360: Methane hot spots we're coming to find you, identify you, act to stop you and enforce climate laws.

"Super emitters", we have a message for you, you can't hide....


August 2022

GreenPolicy360 Siterunner / Steve Schmidt: Yesterday's historic news, as posted to our GreenPolicy360 Climate News.

Today's another day. I started my envir protection work in the mid 1960s with George E Brown. It's been a ride, a long, long ride...


A Green New Deal by Another Name

Three Legislative Actions Add Up to a New Version of a Green New Deal
Infrastructure, CHIPS, IRA...

GreenPoliyc360: Let's look more closely at three huge advances as the US acts to deal with climate...

A Renamed and Restructured Green New Deal


Historic climate-clean energy vote in US Congress August 12 2022.jpeg


Climate News

U.S. House of Representatives Passes Historic Legislative Package

Inflation, Taxes, Health -- Energy and Climate

After lengthy 'rip-roaring attack speech' by Republican Leader Kevin McCarthy and speeches by Democratic Leaders Hoyer and Pelosi, the vote is strictly partisan

With a vote of 220 to 207, the House agreed to the single largest federal investment in the fight against climate change and the most substantial changes to national health care policy since passage of the Affordable Care Act. The bill now goes to Mr. Biden for his signature

House approves Biden’s flagship climate and tax package

Final passage of $700bn bill marks significant legislative victory for U.S. president


The U.S. action could spur other nations to do more — especially China and India, the two largest carbon emitters along with the U.S. That in turn could lower prices for renewable energy globally...

Investments work better at fostering clean energy than regulations, said Leah Stokes, an environmental policy professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The climate bill is likely to spur billions in private investment, she said: “That’s what’s going to be so transformative.”

Sweeping climate bill pushes American energy to go green

Associated Press / August 12, 2022


WASHINGTON (AP) — After decades of inaction in the face of escalating natural disasters and sustained global warming, Congress hopes to make clean energy so cheap in all aspects of life that it’s nearly irresistible. The House is poised to pass a transformative bill Friday that would provide the most spending to fight climate change by any one nation ever in a single push...

The crux of the long-delayed bill, singularly pushed by Democrats in a closely divided Congress, is to use incentives to spur investors to accelerate the expansion of clean energy such as wind and solar power, speeding the transition away from the oil, coal and gas that largely cause climate change.

The United States has put the most heat-trapping gases into the air, burning more inexpensive dirty fuels than any other country. But the nearly $375 billion in climate incentives in the Inflation Reduction Act are designed to make the already plummeting costs of renewable energy substantially lower at home, on the highways and in the factory. Together these could help shrink U.S. carbon emissions by about two-fifths by 2030 and should chop emissions from electricity by as much as 80%.

“This legislation is a true game-changer. It will create jobs, lower costs, increase U.S. competitiveness, reduce air pollution,” said former Vice President Al Gore, who held his first global warming hearing 40 years ago. “The momentum that will come out of this legislation, cannot be underestimated.”

The U.S. action could spur other nations to do more — especially China and India, the two largest carbon emitters along with the U.S. That in turn could lower prices for renewable energy globally, experts said.

Because of the specific legislative process in which this compromise was formed, which limits it to budget-related actions, the bill does not regulate greenhouse gas emissions, but deals mainly in spending, most of it through tax credits as well as rebates to industry, consumers and utilities.

Investments work better at fostering clean energy than regulations, said Leah Stokes, an environmental policy professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The climate bill is likely to spur billions in private investment, she said: “That’s what’s going to be so transformative.”

The bill promotes vital technologies such as battery storage. Clean energy manufacturing gets a big boost. It will be cheaper for consumers to make climate-friendly purchasing decisions. There are tax credits to make electric cars more affordable, help for low-income people making energy-efficiency upgrades and incentives for rooftop solar and heat pumps.

There are also incentives for nuclear power and projects that aim to capture and remove carbon from the atmosphere...

The Rhodium Group research firm estimates the bill would dramatically change the arc of future U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, cutting them by 31% to 44% in 2030, compared to what had been shaping up to be 24% to 35% by 2005 without the bill, said Rhodium partner John Larsen. Clean power on the grid, an upcoming Rhodium report says, would jump from under 40% now to between 60% and 81% by 2030, he said.

“It’s not as big as I want, but it’s also bigger than anything we’ve ever done,″ said Sen. Brian Schatz, a Hawaii Democrat who leads the Senate climate caucus. “A 40% emissions reduction is nothing the U.S. has ever come close to before.″

As decisive a change as it is for U.S. policy and emissions, it still does not reach the official U.S. goal of cutting carbon pollution roughly in half by 2030 to achieve net-zero carbon emissions across the economy by 2050.

Republicans, who unanimously opposed the bill in the Senate, say it would add to consumers’ energy costs, with House GOP Whip Steve Scalise claiming it “wastes billions of dollars in Green New Deal slush funds.”

“It’s a mark of shame that it took this long for our political system to react,” said Bill McKibben, a long-time climate activist, adding that it leaves the fossil fuel industry with too much power. “But this will help catalyze action elsewhere in the world; it’s a declaration that hydrocarbons are finally in decline and clean energy ascendant, and that the climate movement is finally at least something of a match for Big Oil.”

The 730-page bill is here


Steve Schmidt / GreenPolicy360: The passage by the US Congress of a 730 page legislative plan enabling comprehensive energy, technology, science, transportation, communication and climate change action took, it can be said, 45+ yrs to pass... We look back to the beginning of climate science in the 1960s and 70s and our calls for real climate action. In the 1970s the first National Climate Act was passed thanks to a Congressman from East Los Angeles. Our #GreenPolicy360 network thanks Rep George E. Brown, a main mover at the beginning, who'd be smiling now if he were here ...

US Public Law 95-367.png

Five Decades in the Making: Why It Took Congress So Long to Act on Climate

Via the NY Times

GreenPolicy360: "Looking back, looking forward": The following opinion article from the New York Times paints a broad brush of U.S. climate-related activism since the late 1960s. As we at GreenPolicy360 have detailed, an environmental movement and global warming politics is a product of science, political leaders, students and events that somehow here, in the Times article, go unmentioned. So for the record, let us add a number of links to help the NY Times and article writers Coral Davenport and Lisa Friedman more accurately describe the beginnings of this profoundly important, even existential, green politics.

WASHINGTON (August 2022) — In 1969, President Richard Nixon’s adviser Daniel Patrick Moynihan wrote a memo describing a startling future. The increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere caused by burning oil, gas and coal, Mr. Moynihan wrote, would dangerously heat the planet, melt the glaciers and cause the seas to rise. “Goodbye New York,” Mr. Moynihan wrote. “Goodbye Washington, for that matter.”

Fifty-three years later, Congress is on the cusp of finally responding to what Mr. Moynihan termed “the carbon dioxide problem.”

On Sunday, Senate Democrats muscled through a $370 billion bill designed to move the country away from fossil fuels and toward solar, wind and other renewable energy. If the House passes the legislation later this week as expected, it will be the nation’s first major climate law, coming as scientists warn that nations have only a few remaining years to make deep enough cuts in carbon dioxide to avoid planetary catastrophe.

Once enacted, the new law is projected to help cut the nation’s greenhouse pollution by roughly 40 percent below 2005 levels by the end of this decade. That’s not enough to avert the worst impacts of a warming planet, but it would be a sizable down payment and the largest climate action ever taken by the United States.

“Finally, now we have crossed a major threshold,” said former Vice President Al Gore, who as a lawmaker held the first congressional hearings on the subject in 1982 and shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with climate scientists for their joint efforts to spread awareness about climate change. “I did not for a moment imagine it would take this long...”

In interviews, Mr. Gore and other veterans of the nation’s failed attempts at climate legislation pointed to several reasons that a climate bill is about to become law at last — passing the Senate by a razor-thin majority of 51 to 50, with the tie breaking vote of Vice President Kamala Harris.

All said that the incontrovertible evidence that climate change has already arrived— in the form of frighteningly extreme wildfires, drought, storms and floods afflicting every corner of the United States — has helped build political support. Increasingly, the sheer volume of real-time data has overwhelmed the well-financed, multidecade strategy of oil, gas and coal companies to sow doubt about the severity of climate change.

A major 2017 scientific report, the National Climate Assessment, detailed the economic cost of climate change, from record wildfires in California, crop failures in the Midwest and crumbling infrastructure in the South.

Over the past five years the United States has experienced 89 weather and climate disasters with damage of more than $1 billion each, costing the nation a total of $788 billion and 4,557 lives, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Last summer was the hottest on record in the contiguous United States, but it is on pace to be outstripped this summer.

By and large, Republicans stopped denying the planet is warming and instead objected to climate action on economic grounds.


Christina Korp Earth Day and Apollo 8.jpg
Steven Schmidt, GreenPolicy360 Siterunner....
DYK? Yes, we do, we remember the beginnings !

Beginnings of the Modern Environmental Movement


Our Friend of Science, "My friend George"

Out in Front Leadership in Congress, Decades of Environment & Climate Science that Led to Today

George E. Brown Jr

By Steven Schmidt / GreenPolicy360 Siterunner

As a high school student, I met George Brown in the mid-1960s and we began to work, purposefully and closely, to make environmental protection a political reality. He changed the direction of my life and was integral to the founding of Earth Day in 1971 as he helped to set in motion my lifetime of environmental activism. George was looking forward to the 21st century, and especially to the challenges of environmental and earth science programs that he led in Congress for decades, until suddenly he passed away in 1999. George was an amazing man, a visionary who was a mover in the U.S. Congress for four decades, beginning in the 1960s when we began our friendship and work together on a political journey. Let me dedicate this GreenPolicy360 page to George E. Brown as both a biography and memorial. George will always be an influencer for me and his work and legacy is key to understanding my generation...

Memories on the Road to the First Earth Day

By Steve Schmidt


Update: History-in-the-making, 2022

US Senate passes 430 billion climate bill.png


The 2022 'Earth and Politics' US Legislation Carries Forward a Large Vision and Agenda

(Via Axios)

The bill invests roughly $370 billion into initiatives to promote clean energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, likely becoming the most important climate bill in U.S. history.

It gives tax credits to clean energy technologies, like existing nuclear power plants and advanced nuclear technologies, clean hydrogen, carbon capture and storage as well as wind and solar power.

It gives buyers who purchase North American-built electric vehicles a up to $7,500 in federal tax credits to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles while jump-starting America's electric vehicle industry.

It creates a methane fee program to fine corporations that emit the powerful greenhouse gas above federal limits.

Democrats have said the bill's climate provisions put the U.S. on a path to reduce its carbon emissions by up to 40% based on 2005 levels by 2030.


GreenPolicy360: Decades Redefining Security

New Definitions of National Security.png
Thin Blue.jpg /
New Definitions of National Security
Environmental Security
Earth Observations
Environmental Security, National Security


Visit GreenPolicy360 for Climate News Highlights

Bookmark Climate Policy @GreenPolicy360


Oh, Dr. Volts, What's the Latest?

Recently, there’s been a lot of talk in the energy world about the minerals needed by clean-energy technologies and whether mineral supply problems might pose a threat to the clean-energy transition.

To hold warming beneath 1.5°C over pre-industrial levels, the world must cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030 and reach net zero by 2050. To do that, it must radically ramp up production of solar panels, wind turbines, batteries, electric vehicles (EVs), electrolyzers for hydrogen, and power lines.

David (Dr. Volts) Roberts: Volts is a podcast about leaving fossil fuels behind. I've been reporting on and explaining clean-energy topics for almost 20 years

Minerals used in clean energy technologies ....

The IEA estimates that a 'concerted effort to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement (2015) would mean a quadrupling of mineral requirements for clean energy technologies by 2040. An even faster transition, to hit net-zero globally by 2050, would require six times more mineral inputs in 2040 than today.'

Net Zero Energy Policy

Minerals used in clean energy technology - circa 2022.png



December 2021

Earth mapped.png


National Climate Pledges Must Be Enforced

How to turn each nation's climate pledges into 'effective climate action'

Promises & pledges of international climate summits in Paris (2015) & Glasgow (2021) now require & demand 'climate plans enforcement'
Measuring & monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with satellite missions can become a cooperative climate tool 'working nation-by-nation'

GreenPolicy360's Campaign to 'Turn National Climate Promises & Pledges into Reality'

Our Climate Plans Enforcement Initiative continues as the next Global Climate Conference approaches, November's Conference of the Parties (COP27)
Drawing from the database of Earth Science resulting from decades of space-based missions designed to provide us with actionable 'Earth-system and Climate-related data'
Measuring and Monitoring to better manage Earth's Living, Dynamic and Changing Systems, Local, National and Global

Methods to Enforce Climate Plan Pledges

GreenPolicy360: Climate Plans Enforcement Initiative

Pressuring Nations to Step Up, Cooperate, and Act Now

Environmental Laws, Regs, Rules... Lawsuits & Legal Actions

Glasgow (2021) & Paris (2015) Summits: Int'l Climate Plan Pledges & Promises (INDCs-NDCs)

Decades of Earth Science/Climate Science Data Accessible for Planet Citizen Action

Earth Observing System - fleet of satellites.png

You can manage only what you can measure Dr David Crisp, OCO-2, June 2014 m.jpg



Climate Plans Enforcement Must Be Our Priority

ClimateNews 360.jpg

Earth Flag-2.png Climate News
Time to act to make a positive difference


Climate Plans Enforcement - Resources

UN NDC Registry - website database.png


United Nations

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) | Climate Plans

View your country's official plans and pledges for climate action

(U.N. Climate Plans Database)


Announcement from GreenPolicy360 & Strategic Demands

Stay tuned as GreenPolicy360 launches a new 'Climate Plans Enforcement Project'. Now, internationally, is the time to move from climate plan promises to climate action reality.

Climate Plans Enforcement Project - 2.png

Earth System Observatory-1.jpg
Earth and Space, Politics


Thin Blue Layer

Look at how thin our atmosphere is

ThinBlue-3 iss030e031276.jpg

Extreme temperatures over the decades - NASA-GISS data as of Feb 2021.jpg

Climate Models.png


Green New Deal

GreenPolicy360: A Green New Deal (by another name) Moves Forward

March 23, 2021

Driving the news: President Biden is considering using budget reconciliation two more times this year to pass up to $3 trillion in spending aimed at core priorities, including infrastructure, climate change, education, taxes and health care, Axios' Hans Nichols and Alayna Treene report for Axios.

Why it matters: Biden campaigned on big investments in areas like EV charging, grid modernization and boosting R&D, but specifics of his proposals have yet to emerge.

And while a legislative strategy is still taking shape, using reconciliation would enable Democrats to bypass Senate filibusters.

Where it stands: Stories Monday in the New York Times and Washington Post provide some broad-brush numbers on climate and energy pieces of the much wider — and preliminary — White House plans.

Via the Washington Post...

"The infrastructure component of the proposal includes $400 billion in spending to combat climate change, including $60 billion for infrastructure related to green transit and $46 billion for climate-related research and development. The plan also would aim to make electric-vehicle charging stations available across the country." And the NYT notes...

"Documents suggest it will include nearly $1 trillion in spending on the construction of roads, bridges, rail lines, ports, electric vehicle charging stations, and improvements to the electric grid and other parts of the power sector."


World's Energy Sources Chart

As the U.S. Congress increasingly turns its attention to infrastructure and economic recovery

Infrastructure/clean-renewable energy/climate/transportation
March 15, 2021


Tracking Biden's Environmental Record - WaPo listing - Feb 2021.jpg

U.S Rejoins International/Paris Climate Accord

Biden, in a Burst of Climate Orders, Rejoins the Paris Agreement

The president also canceled the Keystone XL pipeline and ordered federal agencies to begin the process of reinstating environmental regulations reversed under the Trump administration.

Via the New York Times

Inauguration Day / January 20, 2021

WASHINGTON — President Joseph R. Biden Jr. on Wednesday recommitted the United States to the Paris climate agreement, the international accord designed to avert catastrophic global warming, and ordered federal agencies to start reviewing and reinstating more than 100 environmental regulations that were weakened or rolled back by former President Donald J. Trump.

The moves represent a first step in healing one of the deepest rifts between the United States and the rest of the world after Mr. Trump defiantly rejected the Paris pact and seemed to relish his administration’s push to weaken or undo major domestic climate policies...


First-ever International Climate 'Envoy' to Join National Security Council with Presidential Cabinet-level Status

GreenPolicy360 & Strategic Demands applaud this historic, critically important shift in the U.S. policy and vision

For years GreenPolicy360 and StratDem have advocated Climate Policy become a U.S. National/Global Security priority

New Definitions of National & Global Security


Kerry, as former secretary of state, oversaw U.S. negotiations on Paris climate accord for Obama administration

Kerry's role as special presidential envoy for climate does not require Senate confirmation

Kerry: Paris climate deal alone 'is not enough'

Biden will name a White House climate policy coordinator next month who will "lead efforts here in the U.S. to combat the climate crisis and mobilize action to meet this existential threat."

John Kerry, tapped by President-elect Joe Biden to serve as climate czar, said Tuesday (Nov. 22) the incoming administration would look to retake a leadership role on the international stage when it comes to fighting climate change.

"Mr. president-elect, you've put forward a bold transformative climate plan. But you've also underscored that no country alone can solve this challenge," Kerry said as Biden publicly introduced his national security team during remarks in Delaware.

"You're right, to rejoin Paris on Day 1," he added, referring to the Paris Agreement. The Trump administration formally withdrew from the multinational climate pact earlier this month.

"And you're right to recognize that Paris alone is not enough."

Biden introduces leadership team - Nov 24 2020.jpg

Biden has proposed a $2 trillion climate plan that would push the U.S. to net-zero emissions by 2050. But Kerry noted on Tuesday that the U.S., which is responsible for about 15 percent of all emissions, will have to help other countries meet similar targets - a move that presents an opportunity to boost jobs and sell U.S. technology.

"Failure is not an option. Succeeding together means tapping into the best of American ingenuity and creativity and diplomacy, from brain power to alternative energy power," Kerry said.

"No one should doubt the determination of this president [and] vice president. They shouldn't doubt the determination of a country that went to the moon, cured supposedly incurable diseases, and beat back global tyranny in World War Two. This kind of crisis demands that kind of leadership again," he added. "And President Biden will provide it."


Around Our World
Green Stories of the Day 🌎
Climate News 🌎
Earth and Space, Politics 🌎


Net Zero Policy

Climate: Planning Solutions @GreenPolicy360
Climate Problems, Climate Solutions
Planet Citizen Action

Toward the Hothouse.png



"Losing Earth"

Over Decades, How the Oil Industry Played Politics With the Planet's Fate

"The global climate catastrophe gets short shrift, largely because powerful fossil fuel producers still have enormous political clout, following decades-long campaigns to sow doubt about whether anthropogenic emissions are really causing planetary warming."

-- Robert N. Proctor, professor of the history of science at Stanford University

NYT, November 19, 2016

Climate Change Deniers and Doubters Have Deep-Pocket Funders

We now live in a world where ignorance of a very dangerous sort is being deliberately manufactured...

Merchants of Doubt

Sea-Level Rise Across the Globe

Then there are the doubting politicos saying 'build, build, build' -- with a sea-side view

Let us cast an eye to Florida, one of the most vulnerable regions of the world, and let's look at 'Sunny Isles' in Miami

Sea-Level Rise

Estates at Acqualina - Sunny Isles Miami.jpg


Thin Blue Layer

"It is all connected, it is all interdependent...

You look out the window, and in my case, I saw the thinness of the atmosphere, and it really hit home, and I thought, 'Wow, this is a fragile ball of life that we're living on.'

It is hard for you to appreciate that until you are outside of it." - Astronaut Sandra Magnus

It's All Related

The Physics of Climate Join Us All Together

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Climate Change is the defining issue of our time and we are at a defining moment. From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale. -- United Nations

World map

Planet Citizens
New Definitions of National Security

New Definitions of National Security demanded - January 2022.png

Strategic Demands: New Definitions of National and Environmental Security

The Thin Blue Layer protecting the home planet

Look How Thin Our Atmosphere Is

'Thin Blue Layer' of Earth's Atmosphere m.jpg



Climate Refugees, Climate-Related Migrants

By 2050 over one billion people are at threat of being displaced

Drought, war, civil violence, economic disruption -- the costs of climate change are coming into view

Climate change is the defining crisis of our time and disaster displacement one of its most devastating consequences. Entire populations are already suffering the impacts, but vulnerable people living in some of the most fragile and conflict-affected countries are often disproportionately affected.

Refugees, internally displaced people (IDPs) and the stateless are on the frontlines of the climate emergency. Many are living in climate “hotspots”, where they typically lack the resources to adapt to an increasingly hostile environment.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has issues warnings, “Urgent steps needed now to mitigate climate impact on displaced people”. They continued: “The climate crisis is a human crisis. It is driving displacement and makes life harder for those already forced to flee.”

UN Global Refugees Social Media Accounts


The Institute for Economics and Peace (2020): Over one billion people at threat of being displaced by 2050 due to environmental change, conflict and civil unrest.

The Ecological Threat Register (ETR), that measures the ecological threats countries are currently facing and provides projections to 2050. The report uniquely combines measures of resilience with the most comprehensive ecological data available, to shed light on the countries least likely to cope with extreme ecological shocks.

Key results

- 19 countries with the highest number of ecological threats are among the world's 40 least peaceful countries including Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, Chad, India and Pakistan.

- Over one billion people live in 31 countries where the country's resilience is unlikely to sufficiently withstand the impact of ecological events by 2050, contributing to mass population displacement.

- Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa are the regions facing the largest number of ecological threats.

- By 2040, a total of 5.4 billion people – more than half of the world's projected population – will live in the 59 countries experiencing high or extreme water stress, including India and China.

- 3.5 billion people could suffer from food insecurity by 2050; which is an increase of 1.5 billion people from today.

- The lack of resilience in countries covered in the ETR will lead to worsening food insecurity and competition over resources, increasing civil unrest and mass displacement, exposing developed countries to increased influxes of refugees.

Climate refugee or climate migrant?

The terms refugee and migrant have been repeatedly used as political weapons by various political parties and governments, and the connotations of these labels can be contentious. The term ‘refugee’, according to the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the State of Refugees, is “someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion”.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns that language is important in order to offer legal protection to individuals. They caution that:

“This is not just semantics—which definition becomes generally accepted will have very real implications for the obligations of the international community under international law. Forced climate migrants fall through the cracks of international refugee and immigration policy—and there is considerable resistance to the idea of expanding the definition of political refugees to incorporate climate ‘refugees’. The term ‘climate migrant’ can also be a loaded term, with the implication that the ‘pull’ of the destination rather than the ‘push’ of the original country is the primary factor for an individual to move.”

In its conclusion, they note that formal recognition is the critical first step.

“Meanwhile, large-scale migration is not taken into account in national adaptation strategies which tend to see migration as a ‘failure of adaptation’. The international community needs to acknowledge formally the predicament of forced climate migrants.”

The IPCC also highlight that numbers of displaced persons may be significantly under-counted owing to large-scale displacement within countries. “Given that the majority of people displaced by climate change will likely stay within their own borders, restricting the definition to those who cross international borders may seriously understate the extent of the problem”. National borders may seriously understate the extent of the problem”.

...with the lack of a secure definition under international law, climate migrants can fall between the cracks in asylum law, with no institution or country responsible for providing them with basic services. This, in turn, has the potential to be the biggest humanitarian disaster ever recorded – with hundreds of millions of people at risk of climate displacement.


Loading map...

(As of 2016)

Paris Climate Summit 195 Nations Challenged INDCs.png

GreenPolicy360: Visit Individual Countries / Climate Plans

World Resources Institute (WRI): Climate Watch... Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Data


Climate-Related Laws/Statutes, Ordinances, Regulations, Rules | Law Making & Rules Making

Visit Environmental Laws @GreenPolicy360 -- - Climate Plans Enforcement (Introduction/Resources)

Environmental Law 360 - @GreenPolicy360
Climate Change Laws Around the World
Climate Change Laws via Grantham Institute (Current)
Trends in Climate Change Legislation (2017)


Climate Analysis Indicators Tools (CAIT) - WRI Update 2022)

Climate Watch Pathways

Via World Resources Institute

Data Lab -

Data Platforms -

Open Data Portal - -

Resource Library -

Permissions & Licensing -


Paris Climate Summit 195 Nations Challenged INDCs.png

Paris Climate Agreement Tracker / CAIT Climate Data Explorer

Click on the Map for the Latest Country-by-Country News

CAIT Map 1.png


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

The Commons

"Thin Blue"

Protecting the Commons

Earth in Our Hands


"Tiny Blue-Green", Oxygen in the Atmosphere, Food Source of the Seas

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Planet Citizens

Your Own Climate Impact

Your Carbon Footprint


Citizen Science


Planet Citizen Action

Climate Policy / Green Policy Over the Decades

Each of us can make a positive difference ....

Earth in Human Hands.jpg

Planet Citizen Action
Earth in Our Hands
Climate Problems, Climate Solutions

National Climate Program Act (1978)

US Public Law 95-367.png

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Green Stories of the Day

Green New Deal

New Definitions of National Security cloud - Hadfield 2013.jpeg

Over the Pacific August 2015.png

As the ice retreats in the Arctic...

What happens in the North doesn't stay in the North

Arctic1 by Timo Lieber 800x480.jpg

What happens in the South doesn't stay in the South


Thwaites Glacier, Antarctica

March 2022

It’s 70 degrees warmer than normal in eastern Antarctica

‘This event is completely unprecedented and upended our expectations about the Antarctic climate system.’

The coldest location on the planet has experienced an episode of warm weather this week unlike any ever observed, with temperatures over the eastern Antarctic ice sheet soaring 50 to 90 degrees above normal. The warmth has smashed records and shocked scientists.

What happens in the East and West, North and South, connects us all ... climate is our atmosphere, our 'thin blue', life-enabling atmosphere

The ocean, the land, the forest, the rivers, the eco-systems, the biosphere -- they all connect us on our living planet

Ecoregions of the World terrestrial-wiki.jpg

Planet Citizens, Planet Scientists, here we are....

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Climate 101 (From GreenPolicy friend Andrew Revkin

ClimateNews 360.jpg


Climate Communication-2018 word chart.jpg

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Debating Science Denial

Climate Denial / Misinfo


Envir Legis Info (U.S.)

Envir-Climate Laws (U.S.)

Trump Era Envir Rollbacks


Climate Action UN News

Wikipedia on Climate

Climate Current Metrics

Climate Historic Studies

Climate Change - MIT

Climate Change - NASA


This category has the following 72 subcategories, out of 72 total.


















  • US(27 C, 70 P, 675 F)




  • Youth(18 C, 132 P, 581 F)

Pages in category "Climate Policy"

The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 319 total.

(previous page) (next page)


(previous page) (next page)

Media in category "Climate Policy"

The following 200 files are in this category, out of 1,438 total.

(previous page) (next page)(previous page) (next page)