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Category:Anthropocene

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Anthropocene

http://www.greenpolicy360.net/w/Anthropocene


Earth in Human Hands.jpg


Via Wikipedia:

The Anthropocene is a proposed epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on the Earth's geology and ecosystems including, but not limited to, anthropogenic climate change.

Profound alterations as a result of human/anthro activity include changes in:

*erosion and sediment transport associated with a variety of anthropogenic processes, including colonisation, agriculture, urbanisation and global warming
*the chemical composition of the atmosphere, oceans and soils, with significant anthropogenic perturbations of the cycles of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and various metals
*environmental conditions generated by these perturbations; these include global warming, ocean acidification and spreading oceanic 'dead zones'
*the biosphere and eco-systems both on land and in the sea, as a result of habitat destruction and loss, predation, species invasions and the physical and chemical changes noted above.


The 'Anthropocene' is seen as a geological epoch, i.e. at the same hierarchical level as the Pleistocene and Holocene epochs ... the Anthropocene is perceived to begin as the Holocene era ends.


The origins of the 'Anthropocene' are generally considered to be at c. 1800 CE, around the beginning of the Industrial Revolution...

http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2015/06/anthropocene-debate.html


The Anthropocene .. by the standards of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), the administrators of the geologic time scale — that old-school conceptual ruler notched with eons, eras, periods, epochs, and ages stretching back to what we refer to as the Earth’s beginning, about four and a half billion years ago (until recently spoke of the current) epoch as the Holocene. The proposition, however, is that this is no longer true — that we are now in a new epoch, one defined by humanity’s significant impact on the Earth’s ecosystems.

This has come, for obvious reasons, to be freighted with political portent. Academics, particularly scientific ones, are excited by this notion. But they are not satisfied with the term as a metaphor; they seek the authority of geologists, the scientists historically interested in marking vast tracts of time, humanity’s official timekeepers...

Professor Zalasiewicz of the Department of Geology, University of Leicester (recalls) when he’d first heard of the Anthropocene. He cited a 2002 paper in Nature written by Paul Crutzen, a Nobel Prize–winning chemist and a prominent practitioner of Earth-system science, which is the study of the interactions between the atmosphere and other spheres (bio-, litho-, etc). “I read it and I thought, How interesting. What a nice idea. And then, like a lot of geologists, I forgot about it — until the word began to appear in the literature, as if it was formal, without irony, without inverted commas.” In Nature, Crutzen urged the scientific community to formally adopt what he named the Anthropocene (anthro from the Greek anthrópos, meaning “human being”) and to mark its beginning at the start of the Industrial Revolution. The evidence he cited is too depressing to recount in full here: The human population has increased tenfold in the past 300 years; species are dying; most freshwater is being sucked up by humans; not to mention the man-induced changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere — essentially, all the facts the world is ignoring, avoiding, or paying people to obfuscate.

Crutzen’s proposal barely registered in Zalasiewicz’s field. “It was a geologic concept launched by an atmospheric chemist within an Earth-science-systems context,” he explained. (Translation: An NHL player suggested an NBA rule.) But by the time it came up at the Geological Society of London in 2008, the ICS was in the strange position of debating a term that had already been accepted not just by laypeople but by other scientists — especially the Earth-system scientists who first trumpeted global warming. Anthropocene has proved wildly appealing. For laypeople, it’s big and futuristic and implies a science-induced bad ending; for climate-change scientists, it marks all their hard work in the lucidly solid and enduring traditions of geology...”

“The geologists, as ever, were very late to catch up with this. We grind slowly... (yet) the popularity of the Anthropocene (as a scientific concept) allows for all these new things — for people to meet across barriers, to talk about revolutionary things outside of the political sphere. How are we going to remake life? Let’s figure it out.”


● Anthropocene Working Group 2016

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/29/declare-anthropocene-epoch-experts-urge-geological-congress-human-impact-earth
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/apr/01/generation-anthropocene-altered-planet-for-ever
https://phys.org/news/2016-08-anthropocene-scientists.html


After seven years of deliberation, the 35-strong Working Group has unanimously recognised the Anthropocene as a reality, and voted 30-to-three (with two abstentions) for the transition to be officially registered.

"Our working model is that the optimal boundary is the mid-20th century," said Jan Zalasiewicz, a geologist at the University of Leicester.


The nuclear age has also been suggested as the beginning of the destructive Anthropocene...


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The nuclear age brings with it the power to destroy life on Earth in apocalyptic, existential terms

New, more lethal, 'smart', 'usable' tactical and strategic nuclear weapons



Calculus of War; Cold War 2.0; Nuclear Weapons; Nuclear Proliferation; Nuclear Non-Proliferation


The power of science gone to 'the dark side' of destructive capability and imminent nuclear weapons use is, without question, a turning point and anthropocentric moral choice.



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"The 'Anthropocene' has emerged ... humans have a decisive influence on the state, dynamics and future of Earth systems."

The responsibility of planet citizens is now to create a new "integral ecology" and "planetary awareness".


https://www.greenpolicy360.net/w/Look_at_how_thin_our_atmosphere_is



https://www.greenpolicy360.net/w/Destroying_the_Environment_Is_a_Sin



New Definitions of National Security.png


Anthropocene time.png


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Subcategories

This category has the following 8 subcategories, out of 8 total.

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Media in category "Anthropocene"

The following 178 files are in this category, out of 178 total.

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