Democratization of Space
Governor Brown at the Global Climate Action Summit:
“We’re Launching Our Own Damn Satellite”
California & Planet Labs Inc. Launch Groundbreaking Initiative to Develop Satellite-Based Technologies, Track and Attack Climate Pollutants
Office of the Governor / September 14, 2018, 04:14:39 PM
SpaceX, NASA & Beginnings of 'New Space'
The first successful flight of the Falcon 1 (in 2008) served as a catalyst for the commercial space industry. The privately financed development of new rockets and spacecraft, as well as commercial businesses in space beyond telecommunications, had seen ups and downs over the years but never sustained success. SpaceX’s second successful launch of the Falcon 1 rocket in 2009, when it delivered a commercial satellite into orbit, sealed the deal.
“The impact that their first successful commercial launch had on the space industry cannot be overstated,” said Chad Anderson, who runs an investment group, Space Angels, that closely tracks public and private investment in spaceflight.
This initial success helped land a multibillion dollar contract from NASA to deliver cargo to the space station and ignited a furious decade in which SpaceX has gone from a single engine rocket, to one with nine engines, to one with 27 engines. The company has also developed two spacecraft, the Dragon 1 and 2, and landed dozens of first stages.
Before SpaceX began flying the Falcon 1 rocket, there were a few dozen privately funded companies, globally, engaged in spaceflight activities. Today (as of 2018), there are 350, and they have raised $15 billion in private capital...
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Planet Labs is now just 'Planet'
Announcement - June 12, 2016
Will Marshall, November 2014 / Video: I'm going to show you what our satellite looks like: This is our satellite. This is not a scale model, this is the real size. It's 10 by 10 by 30 centimeters, it weighs four kilograms, and we've stuffed the latest and greatest electronics and sensor systems into this little package so that even though this is really small, this can take pictures 10 times the resolution of the big satellite here, even though it weighs one thousandth of the mass. And we call this satellite "Dove"...
We've launched 28 [as of today]... It's the largest constellation of Earth-imaging satellites in human history, and it's going to provide a completely radical new data set about our changing planet. But that's just the beginning. You see, we're going to launch more than 100 of these satellites like these over the course of the next year. It's going to be the largest constellation of satellites in human history. And this is what it's going to do: Acting in a single-orbit plane that stays fixed with respect to the sun, the Earth rotates underneath. They're all cameras pointed down, and they slowly scan across as the Earth rotates underneath. The Earth rotates every 24 hours, so we scan every point on the planet every 24 hours. It's a line scanner for the planet. We don't take a picture of anywhere on the planet every day, we take a picture of every single place on the planet every day. Even though we launched these just a couple of weeks ago, we've already got some initial imagery from the satellites and I'm going to show it publicly for the first time right now. This is the very first picture taken by our satellite. It happened to be over UC-Davis' campus in California when we turned the camera on.
[W]e will be able to track urban growth as it happens around the whole world in all cities, every day.
We'll be able to see the extent of all water bodies around the whole world every day and help water security. From water security to food security. We'll see crops as they grow in all the fields in every farmer's field around the planet every day. and help them to improve crop yield. This is a beautiful image that was taken just a few hours ago when the satellite was flying over Argentina. The general point is there are probably hundreds and thousands of applications of this data, I've mentioned a few, but there's others: deforestation, the ice caps melting. We can track all of these things, every tree on the planet every day. If you took the difference between today's image and yesterday's image, you'd see much of the world news — you'd see floods and fires and earthquakes. And we have decided, therefore, that the best thing that we could do with our data is to ensure universal access to it. We want to ensure everyone can see it. Thank you. (Applause) We want to empower NGOs and companies and scientists and journalists to be able to answer the questions that they have about the planet. We want to enable the developer community to run their apps on our data. In short, we want to democratize access to information about our planet.
Robbie Schingler, a co-founder of Planet Labs, met the director of NASA Ames, Pete Worden in Houston, TX. It was an inauspicious start to what was to become an eventful relationship that helped change the direction of the U.S. space program.
“For five hours we were yelling at each other across the table,” recalls Robbie Schingler, now 33, who was then between master’s degrees at the International Space University and the Georgetown University McDonough School of Business. “The next day he said, ‘Let’s write a paper together on the pros and cons of weaponizing space. You write the cons, I’ll write the pros.’”
The paper never materialized, but an unusual friendship and mentoring relationship did. When Worden became director of the NASA Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley four years later, he recruited the group of Houston 20-somethings, along with a handful of their friends. Included were Schingler and Chris Kemp, then 28, who would become Ames’s director of business development and later its chief technology officer.
The Technology Portfolio System, TechPort, is NASA’s first comprehensive resource for locating information about NASA-funded technology development activities. This beta system enables the public to explore NASA’s technology portfolio...
Pete Worden - NASA Ames departure - SpaceNews - Feb 2015 / It would be a profound shift to see the Strategic Defense Initiative-SDI guy, who helped launch 'new space' (and Planet Labs) continue his move from maverick military to earth/biology... so to speak
Worden told SpaceNews that the nine years he spent at Ames were the most enjoyable of his 40 years of public service.
“In the last nine years we have launched dozens of small, low-cost satellites – and helped ignite a major new industry in this area. Ames people have revitalized space biology and begun to apply the new field of synthetic biology,” Worden said via email Feb. 26. “Ames has provided entry technology for the emerging commercial space launch sector. We have helped launch small satellites working with a number of nations. And we’ve hosted and inspired thousands of students.”
[GreenPolicy Siterunner: from early Cold War 'spin offs' of military R&D and defense spending came ARAPANET from DARPA, the genesis of today's Internet]
The future of NASA and SDI are a separate topic for others to address. Here at GreenPolicy we are tracking the utilization of technology that has moved from 'first generation' military purposes to first generation "New Space" 'open' uses. The democratization of space envisions moving from military-dependency to civilian / educational / environmental / scientific / engineering / resource monitoring and management -- a full spectrum of #EarthScience that, hopefully, brings a future of environmental-national-global security. Our position is that the application and re-purposing of initial space-borne military systems can be and should be applied to earth resource monitoring and management as legislative *technology transfer* has codified over the past two decades. The successful restructuring of the old Cold War systems is a challenge, without question, yet the example of Pete Worden and Planet Labs bring both hope and a direction that is worth pursuing in the face of rising security challenges that are global and threats to security within and across borders.
OpenStack "Cloud in a Box"
A “New” model of Citizen Science
The "New Space" field is pioneering the study of our blue planet with multiple new platforms monitoring earth systems and resources.
PlanetLabs, an early-stage new space pioneer, is out in front with its emphasis on open data sharing. Its mini satellites are called flocks of "Doves".
February 5, 2015 - Private Spending on Space Is Headed for a New Record - Space Race 2.0 #NewSpace
Planet Labs has raised more than $160 million and launched 73 global imaging satellites. The growth was hard to imagine three years ago, when co-founder Will Marshall built the first of the miniature satellites nicknamed “doves” in a Silicon Valley garage.
“A lot of people were very skeptical, and what we were trying to do seemed ludicrous,” said Marshall, a former engineer at NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California. “But we have assets in orbit, and customers who are very interested in the data. Every time we take a picture, we can see how the world is changing.” -- Bloomberg
Planet Labs, flying Doves unprecedented, observing Planet Earth with 'rapid cadence' imaging opening possibilities never before offered
"Rapid cadence imagery, like Planet Labs is developing, helps us become better, more sustainable stewards of Earth."
"It is time, from a unique overview of our blue planet enabled from space, to address climate issues, sustainability challenges, and a host of existential challenges."
Citizens of the Planet -- #PlanetCitizens
It's time for an Earth point of view!
National Science and Technology Council / US Group on Earth Observations Council
The Federal Government invests more than $3 billion in civil Earth observations and data annually across multiple agencies, and leverages investments made by State, local and tribal governments, academia and industry...
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)
- "New Space"
An global community of #PlanetCitizens observing, networking, sharing information, protecting #PlanetEarth...
- Citizen Science
Planet API | #PlanetAPI | Planet Citizen | #PlanetCitizen
GreenPolicy360 | #Earth360 | #EarthImaging | #EarthMonitoring
GP360 | #EarthObservations | #EarthScience | #NewSpace
- Your Mission if You Choose to Go
Democratising access to information about Planet Earth... Planet Labs brings home the data
Be one of the first ever on our voyage over time to show you're an Earth-wise #PlanetCitizen
Seeing climate change from space: NASA creates image-based iPad app Ecowatch in space
Soon, each of us will be able to connect to and share earth-data as students of earth-space science and new digital networks.
With open data, links and digital apps, schools and future generations will learn new ways of seeing as citizens of the planet.
A New Era of Space Startups #Nanosatellites #Satdata
"Earth Imaging" -- NextGen #EarthScience in an era of #environmentalrisks and #globalsecurity threats
... BlackBridge , Dauria , DigitalGlobe  #DigitalGlobe, highest rez commercially avail #earthimaging from space    GeoEye , Firefly Space Systems  , GeoOptics , NanoRacks ,  , NovaWurks , OmniEarth    , OrbitLogic , PlanetiQ , Planet Labs  Pulse   , RapidEye , Skybox   , Teledyne , Tyvak Nano-Sat , Urthecast