Category:Earth System Science

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Whole Earth
It's All Related ... large and small, complicated and simple

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Planet Citizens / Scientists, Preserving & Protecting the Home Planet Earth

GreenPolicy360 Siterunner / Steve Schmidt - SJS:

Remembering an Earth Science Congressman named George

The original Mission Statement of the newly launched U.S. space program spoke of our planet and our responsibilities. GreenPolicy360's founder was fortunate, beginning in the 1960s, to listen to Congressman George E. Brown point to the NASA plan and explain how he saw Congress put into action the reality of a multi-year, coordinated, multi-agency program to achieve mission goals. The Congressman became a friend, then a colleague over the years. Until his death in 1999 Congressman George Brown led historic and essential first-generation US 'Big Science, Earth Science' programs and projects.

Earth science, measuring and monitoring Earth's life-enabling systems, environmental protection and security was given a highest priority. Representative Brown had become deeply involved in our student 'Earth Day' planning and he had direct access to the capabilities to make the Earth Day envisioning a reality. -- Earth Day Memories on the 50th Anniversary

George was a key mover in the launch of the EPA and he drafted the legislation establishing the first climate science programs.

George was among the first voices to be raised warning about the environmental threat of climate disruption and, although few realize, he was at the forefront of the initial efforts to study the climate, pushing the development of initial atmospheric science programs and missions of NASA and public/private research. He combined his engineering skills with his legislative reach.

George E. Brown drafted the "National Climate Program Act" of 1978. He was, as a trained physicist and engineer, looking to the science of Earth's systems, as GreenPolicy360's siterunner was observing during this period in science history and the first years of climate change study.

1978 Climate Act PDF via GreenPolicy360

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In addition to atmospheric science studies, the Landsat program, considered George's 'pet project' by many, set in motion decades-long, first-ever digital scanning of Earth by remote satellites. An array of satellites began to launch, creating and combining the expanding resources of NASA, USGS, NOAA, and what became vast educational and scientific institutions and aeronautics technology.

More than five decades of Atmospheric and Earth Sciences data is now available to study Earth System change and dynamics. This was the original intent back in the 1970s when the NASA missions to measure, monitor and then intelligently manage Earth Systems were conceived, legislated, supported and set in motion... The vision was to gather the data as we saw it was essential to humanity's future and decision-making...

Here's to the visionaries who made the Earth Science missions reality, those who saw facts, science and data as a foundation on which informed decisions can be made wisely and intelligently.

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Atmospheric Science

New Definitions of National Security

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Look at how thin our atmosphere is

ThinBlue-3 iss030e031276.jpg / Earth System Science / Measuring "Vital Signs"

Measure to Manage:

The Critical Importance of Atmospheric Science

Op-ed: The story behind the satellite mission Trump wants dead

As the U.S. President cuts the central program measuring CO2 in the Earth's atmosphere, it’s difficult to describe all the ways 'this is stupid'

The Orbiting Carbon Observatory's primary job is to see what's happening to the carbon dioxide levels in our atmosphere

CO2 Molecule

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Forward to today...

Climate Problems, Climate Solutions

Generation Green
Going Green
Planet Citizen Action

GreenPolicy360's Campaign to 'Turn National Climate Promises & Pledges into Reality'

Drawing from the database of Earth System Science resulting from decades of space-based missions designed to provide us with actionable 'Earth-system and Climate-related data'

Climate Plans Enforcement - Resources

Methods to Enforce Climate Plan Pledges

GreenPolicy360: Climate Plans Enforcement Initiative

Pressuring Nations to Step Up, Cooperate, and Act Now

Environmental Laws, Regs, Rules... Lawsuits & Legal Actions


Decades of Earth Science/Climate Science Data Accessible for Planet Citizen Action

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You can manage only what you can measure Dr David Crisp, OCO-2, June 2014 m.jpg

Measuring & Monitoring to Manage Earth's Living, Dynamic and Changing Systems


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Environmental Security and Sustainablity

NOAA: Earth System Science @Work

Measuring and monitoring everyday

The NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) pursues a broad and comprehensive understanding of the many physical, chemical and biological processes that comprise the Earth system to better predict their behavior from minutes to millennia on local to global scales.

Earth Science

Earth Science

Earth System Science

Earth system science (ESS) is the application of systems science to the Earth sciences. In particular, it considers interactions between the Earth's "spheres" — atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, pedosphere, biosphere, and, even, the magnetosphere — as well as the impact of human societies on these components.

The Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, offers the following description: "Earth system science embraces chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics and applied sciences in transcending disciplinary boundaries to treat the Earth as an integrated system. It seeks a deeper understanding of the physical, chemical, biological and human interactions that determine the past, current and future states of the Earth. Earth system science provides a physical basis for understanding the world in which we live and upon which humankind seeks to achieve sustainability".


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It's all connected --- It's all related

Planet Citizen Vision of Living Earth
"Our separation from each other is an optical illusion... Everything is connected. The greatest tragedy of human existence is the illusion of separateness.” -- Albert Einstein

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Systems Connected

It's All Related

"It's All Related, It's All Connected"

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Only shifts commensurate with the scale of our existential crises have any prospect of averting them. Hopeless realism, tinkering at the edges of the problem, got us into this mess. It will not get us out.

The Earth’s systems are highly complex, and complex systems do not respond to pressure in linear ways. When these systems interact (because the world’s atmosphere, oceans, land surface and lifeforms do not sit placidly within boxes that make study more convenient), their reactions to change become highly unpredictable. Small perturbations can ramify wildly. Tipping points are likely to remain invisible until we have passed them...

Only one of the many life support systems on which we depend – soils, aquifers, rainfall, ice, the pattern of winds and currents, pollinators, biological abundance and diversity – need fail for everything to slide...

Climate News

Earth and Space, Politics

Earth Science Research from Space


Planet Citizens

Planet Citizens, Planet Scientists


Big and Small, Micro and Global, Seen and Unseen

Planet Citizen Vision of Living Earth

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Forest Microbiome & Ecosystem Ecology

Soils are alive. Incredibly diverse forest microbial communities have profound impacts on our world that we are just beginning to grasp. My team studies the forest microbiome. How does incredible microbial diversity affect which trees are in a forest, forest carbon sequestration and climate change forecasts? I focus on the ecology of mycorrhizal fungi - fungi that form a symbiosis with the roots of most plants on Earth – however I am broadly interested in links between microbes and ecosystems.

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Entangled Life

by Merlin Sheldrake

Excerpts of Reviews:

“Merlin Sheldrake’s marvelous tour of these diverse and extraordinary life forms is eye-opening on why humans should consider fungi among the greatest of earth’s marvels.... Wondrous.” (Time)

A mind-bending journey into the hidden universe of fungi, “one of those rare books that can truly change the way you see the world around you” (Helen Macdonald, author of H Is for Hawk).

Named One of the Best Books of the Year By Time; BBC; Science Focus; The Daily Mail; Geographical; The Times; The Telegraph; New Statesman; London Evening Standard Science

From the Publisher

When we think of fungi, we likely think of mushrooms. But mushrooms are only fruiting bodies, analogous to apples on a tree. Most fungi live out of sight, yet make up a massively diverse kingdom of organisms that supports and sustains nearly all living systems. Fungi provide a key to understanding the planet on which we live, and the ways we think, feel, and behave.

In Entangled Life, the brilliant young biologist Merlin Sheldrake shows us the world from a fungal point of view, providing an exhilarating change of perspective. Sheldrake’s vivid exploration takes us from yeast to psychedelics, to the fungi that range for miles underground and are the largest organisms on the planet, to those that link plants together in complex networks known as the “Wood Wide Web”, to those that infiltrate and manipulate insect bodies with devastating precision.

Fungi throw our concepts of individuality and even intelligence into question. They are metabolic masters, earth makers, and key players in most of life’s processes. They can change our minds, heal our bodies, and even help us remediate environmental disaster. By examining fungi on their own terms, Sheldrake reveals how these extraordinary organisms - and our relationships with them - are changing our understanding of how life works.

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Planet Citizen Vision of Living Earth

Living Earth 'Networking'

More about soil, roots, plants and trees, forests and 'systems'

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Image (GIF) via Merlin Sheldrake @MerlinSheldrake


A laser scan shows a plant root, in blue, enveloped by a mycorrhizal fungus, in red

Mycorrhizal fungi provide plants with nutrients, water and defense from pathogens in exchange for sugars

This image beautifully displays an ancient symbiosis where fungus and root become one

Watch the animation / GIF


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Flora, Fauna and ... Funga | #Networks #Biodiversity ... #Microorganisms ...

As GreenPolicy360 has written over the decades, pay attention to the "tiny little ones" in nature, earthy systems rarely seen-by-human-eyes, a micro-world connecting life on earth... Give special attention to the #Soil, it's more than dirt! e.g. mycorrhizal fungi. Pay attention to the roots, the trees, the forests ... living, interconnected webs of life on our Planet Earth.

What are mycorrhizal fungi?

Mycorrhizal fungi are a group of network-forming soil fungi that form symbiotic associations with plants. Nearly all plants form symbiotic associations with mycorrhizal fungi. These associations have shaped life on earth for more than 475 million years.

Nearly all plants of Earth form a symbiosis with mycorrhizal fungi. These fungi have altered the evolutionary history of the planet.

See more at --

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Dirt Just Doesn't Get the Respect It Deserves
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"I'm walking here...."


Planet Citizen Vision of Living Earth

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This category has the following 16 subcategories, out of 16 total.











Pages in category "Earth System Science"

The following 86 pages are in this category, out of 86 total.

Media in category "Earth System Science"

The following 200 files are in this category, out of 586 total.

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