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August 26, 2022

California out in front in a Green future

California Acts to Ban the Sale of New Gasoline Cars

The decision, to take effect by 2035, will very likely speed a wider transition to electric vehicles because many other states follow California’s standards

After the California Air Resources Board approved Thursday regulations that ban the sale of new gas-engine vehicles by 2035, requiring all new cars to run on electricity or hydrogen, California Gov. Gavin Newsom told ABC News he was confident that more states would do the same to help combat climate change.


It’s hard to overstate the significance of California’s move this week to end the sale of new gas-powered cars.

The California Air Resources Board’s vote Thursday setting a firm 2035 deadline is huge and consequential for climate change, air quality and health. The nation’s most populated and worst-polluted state is the first to adopt rules that will finally stop adding gas-fueled passenger vehicles to its roads.

The end of the internal combustion engine era, and the toll on our lungs and our planet, is finally on the horizon.

This regulation will require automakers to sell increasing percentages of zero-emission and plug-in hybrid vehicles starting with 35% of new car sales in 2026, reaching 68% in 2030 and 100% by 2035. Zero-emission vehicles account for 16.5% of California’s new sales today, a rate that leads the nation but lags behind Europe and China. So these rules help reestablish California’s climate leadership, putting it in step with other leading nations and making it one of the first — and the largest — vehicle markets in the world to require 100% of new sales be zero emissions.

It’s a pivotal moment for a state that has been shaped for decades, often negatively, by automobiles and the health-damaging pollution they generate.

More on California's decision to drive forward into a new world of transportation


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CNBC Interview: Exxon CEO says no new gas cars globally by 2040

Via Electrek -- CNBC

June 26, 2022

Every new passenger car sold in the world will be electric by 2040, according to Exxon Mobil CEO Darren Woods, in an interview aired this weekend by CNBC.

The interview also covered the company’s climate ambitions, putting a flashy coat of paint on an organization that is the world’s 5th largest historical polluter and has pushed climate denial at a high level for half a century.

Exxon Mobil CEO Darren Woods sat down with CNBC’s David Faber for a long interview about climate change. The full interview is 35 minutes long (on top of a previous hour-long interview) and mostly discusses climate change and Exxon’s carbon capture and storage desires....

The oil giant is predicting that by 2040, every new passenger car sold in the world will be electric, CEO Darren Woods told CNBC’s David Faber in an interview. In 2021, just 9% of all passenger car sales were electric vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, according to market research company Canalys. That number is up 109% from 2020 says Canalys.

In light of its modeling, Woods said Exxon Mobil is evaluating how the decline in gasoline sales could impact its business. Exxon Mobil is one of the largest publicly traded international gas companies and a leader in the industry. Its website boasts that it is the largest “refiner and marketer of petroleum products,” as well as a chemicals company.

Woods, who spent a part of his career on the chemical side of the company’s operations, says chemicals will be key to keeping the company profitable during the clean energy transition. The plastics that Exxon Mobil produces can be used in the manufacturing of electric vehicles.

ExxonMobil’s calculations predicted that oil demand in 2040 would be equivalent to what the world needed in 2013 or 2014. Woods explained to CNBC that the company was still profitable at that time.

Woods seemed unfazed by the prediction, saying “that change will not make or break this business or this industry quite frankly.”

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EV charging stations, US circa Feb 2022.jpg

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Going Green: You Want to Go Electric?

Here's a Database of Latest EV Green Info... Get Going, Be Green, Go Green!!

Charge Across Town

Charge It!

EV Database

Electric for All

Electric Vehicle for Sale in the US

Electric Vehicles for Sale Soon in the US

EV Adoption: All EVs currently available in the US

Federal (US) Tax Credits for All-Electric & Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles

Global Drive to Zero

Green Cars

Greener Cars

InsideEVs: Monthly Sales & Lease Deals

PlugStar: EV 'Shopping Assistant'

Rent a Tesla at Hertz

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Joint Office of Energy and Transportation .... DOT & DOE Step Up with EV Charging Infrastructure Nationwide

Electric vehicle charging stations: As U.S. pushes shift, where should chargers be placed?

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Plug-in cars are the future, the U.S. electric grid isn’t ready

By 2035, the chief automakers will have turned away from the internal combustion engine. It’ll be up to the grid to fuel all those new cars, trucks and buses.

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New EV Engineering Challenges: Heating & Cooling

Car heating and cooling.png

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EV Road Trip Competition

Check it out... Tech YouTuber Marques Brownlee ran an experiment to find out what's better for a road trip: a traditional gas-fueled car or an electric vehicle.

The 1,000-mile test exposed how much time charging an EV adds to a long journey. But it also highlighted a major edge Tesla has over other companies building battery-powered vehicles.

Brownlee and his team got three vehicles for a two-day road trip around New York State: a gas-fueled Audi Q5, a Tesla Model S Plaid, and a Mustang Mach-E, Ford's electric SUV. They all started from the same point with a full tank or battery. The goal was to compare how long it took each vehicle to make the trip.

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Why Electric Cars Will Take Over Sooner Rather Than Later

"We are in the middle of the biggest revolution in motoring since Henry Fords' first production line ... in 1913"

Every Electric Vehicle That's Expected in the Next Five Years

UPS Getting 10,000 Electric Delivery Vans; Take That, Postal Service

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Infrastructure: The American Jobs Plan

Via Car and Driver


Officially known as the American Jobs Plan, President Biden's plan includes $174 billion to promote electric vehicles and EV charging stations, $80 billion for public transit, and another $80 billion for railroads.

Construction and upkeep for traditional infrastructure items—highways, bridges, and roads, for example—get $115 billion in the proposal.

EV fans are unsurprisingly excited, calling this a "down payment on the future of transportation," and expect private investment to follow federal dollars.

When we look at the $620 billion in transportation spending that's included in the plan, as the Wall Street Journal did, it's clear that electric vehicles will benefit the most thanks to $174 billion in spending, including incentives to buy EVs and support to get more EV chargers installed across the country: 500,000 of them by 2030.

... The $174 billion in support of electric vehicles is getting the most attention from connected players in the auto industry, of course.

"To fully understand the investment in electric transportation that the President is proposing, we need to appreciate the vast scope of the challenge," Joel Levin, executive director of EV advocacy group Plug In America, said in a statement. "This federal investment of $174 billion is really intended to activate all of the private human and financial capital that will be needed and is just a fraction of the real cost for this transformation. This is a down payment on the future of transportation."

Pasquale Romano, president and CEO of EV charging station operator ChargePoint, said the government money will stimulate private sector investment in EV charging infrastructure throughout the U.S.

"We encourage Congress to pass legislation that supports the proposed plan and includes rebates to businesses that will accelerate the installation of charging infrastructure for multifamily homes and workplaces," he said in a statement, adding that Congress should expand tax credits to support fleet electrification and fund charging infrastructure on U.S. highways.

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President Biden hopes to build 500,000 new electric car chargers

The US could have 35 million EVs by 2030, requiring millions of plugs where the country only has 100,000

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EV Chargers are where the action is

Jim Cramer went wild tonight (January 26, 2021) about the upside of the EV Charging Stocks.

The EV charging 'space and sector' ... the EV charging companies are the future, now, and he pushed the charger stocks.... Climate Real Impact & EVgo ... Switchback & Chargepoint ... TPG & EVBox ....

Cramer says EV is huge and accelerating. 'Ford has an EV strategy, GM is turned their company-wide strategy to EV. The Euro and Japanese, Chinese car manufacturers are racing to keep up.

With GM announcing its future vehicle production will be all electric by 2035, the charge to power the EV fleets is now....

With the new U.S. president Joe Biden signing a "Buy America" executive order, and highlighting his support for renewable energy, Biden said "The federal government also owns an enormous fleet of vehicles, which we're going to replace with clean electric vehicles made right here in America, by American workers."

The fleet of government-owned vehicles numbered 645,000 as of 2019, according to U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) data cited by Reuters.

>EVBox owns Europe's largest EV charging station network, and has a total of over 200,000 charging ports in more than 70 countries worldwide. It also has a North American headquarters in Libertyville, Illinois, and recently brought its latest-generation charging stations to the U.S. and Canada. A buildout of stations in the U.S. could certainly benefit the company. It is for this reason that Cramer said he'd suggest buying shares in TPG Pace Beneficial. "If you want a charging station play, EVBox seems like the best of the bunch," Cramer said on his show.

EVgo focuses on the specific niche of DC fast chargers (DCFCs) in the U.S., and currently has 50% market share, according to the company. These stations are best suited for commercial applications where consumers are on the go, such as shopping or dining.

TPG Pace Beneficial Finance (NYSE:TPGY), which will be bringing EVBox public, were 15.3% higher. Climate Change Crisis Real Impact I Acquisition (NYSE:CLII), which is combining with EVgo, saw its shares rise 11.7%. Shares of Blink Charging (NASDAQ:BLNK) also jumped 18.7%.

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US National Alternative Fuel Corridor program reaches thru the Southwest

Three states to go to complete 50 state map / 2020

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[edit] Electric Vehicle Corridors (US)


In the US the expansion of EV charging infrastructure is starting to hit its stride, as shown by the efforts of companies like Electrify America, ChargePoint, and EVgo.

Rolling, Rolling, Rolling, EVs Are Rolling, Electric Trucks Next Up ...

More Charging Stations Needed Due to More Electric Vehicles on the Roads

Charging Corridor System (as of 2018)

ChargePoint's New Stations

Tesla Supercharger Stations Map

In the U.S., the world’s second-largest producer of greenhouse gases, transportation makes up the largest share of emissions.

Plugging in cars and trucks is a critical national challenge. How far has the U.S. progressed in its move to electric vehicles and transportation networks?

EV Charging in China and the United States, Models for National Planning

File:EV Charging China-CGEP Report-2019.pdf

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'FAST Act' Highway Bill

US Congress House Transportation Committee in Action / 2019

US National/State/Local / Transportation Challenges & Opportunities / News

White House / 2016 / EV Corridors Plan
FAST Act Plan & Process

National plans for electric-car charging corridors

The U.S. Department of Transportation will establish 48 electric-vehicle charging corridors along national highways that cross 35 states and cover almost 25,000 miles
A total of 28 states, electric utilities, carmakers, and other organizations have committed to accelerate charging infrastructure along these corridors
The Administration will partner with 24 state and local governments to add more plug-in electric vehicles to their fleets
Two separate Department of Energy studies are underway to determine optimal scenarios for deploying national electric-car charging infrastructure
The existing DoE Workplace Charging Challenge has gained 38 new members, among them businesses, universities, electric utilities, and nonprofit organizations

Advancing America's 21st Century Transportation Network

With the designation of alternative fuel corridors, the Federal Highway administration is establishing a national network of alternative fueling and charging infrastructure along national highway system corridors.

Tesla Freight Trucks - 2018.jpg

EV Trucks / Freight / Semi Electric / Light-Duty, Medium-Duty, Heavy-Duty

Local Transportation / Regional / National

Future of EV Highway Systems

February 2018 / FedEx orders Tesla Semi electric trucks

January 2018 / Volvo to Go after Tesla's Semi in 2019

Transport Topics / December 2018


As electric vehicle technology becomes increasingly viable for commercial trucking, fleets and manufacturers are now putting the first generation of battery-electric trucks on the road.

The introduction of electric-powered trucks represents the industry’s first steps toward a future beyond the internal combustion engine. It also marks perhaps the biggest change in trucking equipment since the motor vehicle replaced the horse and carriage.

Electric vehicles represent a path to zero-emission trucking and huge fuel savings for fleets ... applications will be limited at first, and several hurdles remain for adoption.

Early models are designed primarily for shorthaul applications such as urban pickup and delivery, refuse trucks and port drayage.

Opportunities for regional routes... are next, followed at some point by longhaul operations. Battery technology will need to continue to improve to reduce weight and extend vehicle range.

The industry also will need to establish adequate charging infrastructure to support these vehicles.

2016 / Electric Truck Overview — Electric Light-Duty Trucks, Medium-Duty Trucks, & Heavy-Duty Trucks

June 2015 / Making Trucks More Efficient Isn't Actually Hard to Do

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Going Green


Going Green, Alt-Energy

December 2015 / Public Law No: 114-094

Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles

Sec. 151. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and natural gas fueling corridors

(a) ... the Secretary shall designate national electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and natural gas fueling corridors that identify the near- and long-term need for, and location of, electric vehicle charging infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure at strategic locations along major national highways to improve the mobility of passenger and commercial vehicles that employ electric, hydrogen fuel cell, propane, and natural gas fueling technologies across the United States.

(b) Designation of Corridors - In designating the corridors... the Secretary shall --

(1) solicit nominations from State and local officials for facilities to be included in the corridors;

(2) incorporate existing electric vehicle charging, hydrogen fueling, propane fueling, and natural gas fueling corridors designated by a State or group of States; and

(3) consider the demand for, and location of, existing electric vehicle charging stations, hydrogen fueling stations, propane fueling stations, and natural gas fueling infrastructure.

(c) Stakeholders - In designating corridors under subsection (a), the Secretary shall involve, on a voluntary basis, stakeholders that include--

(1) the heads of other Federal agencies;

(2) State and local officials;

(3) representatives of--

(A) energy utilities;

(B) the electric, fuel cell electric, propane, and natural gas vehicle industries;

(C) the freight and shipping industry;

(D) clean technology firms;

(E) the hospitality industry;

(F) the restaurant industry;

(G) highway rest stop vendors; and

(H) industrial gas and hydrogen manufacturers; and

(4) such other stakeholders as the Secretary determines to be necessary.

(d) Redesignation- Not later than 5 years after the date of establishment of the corridors under subsection (a), and every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary shall update and redesignate the corridors.

(e) Report- During designation and redesignation of the corridors under this section, the Secretary shall issue a report that--

(1) identifies electric vehicle charging infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure and standardization needs for electricity providers, industrial gas providers, natural gas providers, infrastructure providers, vehicle manufacturers, electricity purchasers, and natural gas purchasers; and

(2) establishes an aspirational goal of achieving strategic deployment of electric vehicle charging infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure in those corridors by the end of fiscal year 2020.'.

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Interstate Transportation / Infrastructure News

April 2016

Former Senator Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico and Chairman of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee from 2001 to 2003 and 2007 to 2013 is appointed to the National Infrastructure Advisory Council by President Obama.


July 2015

The National Infrastructure Advisory Council makes three overarching recommendations to address these findings. In short, we need to

  • 1) baseline current risks and establish a Federal vision for transportation resilience;
  • 2) develop the analytic tools, models, and exercises to better understand and plan for emerging risks and interdependencies; and
  • 3) use the results of these efforts to operationalize resilience by increasing funding and implementing effective Federal practices, procedures, and procurement processes.



[edit] Illinois Announces First Ever Charging Station Network for Route 66 Electric Corridor

New Charging Stations to Help Expand Illinois’ Sustainable Transportation System

CHICAGO – Nov. 28, 2014 – Governor Pat Quinn today announced an investment of $1 million to establish a network of charging stations for electric vehicles along historic Route 66 through Illinois. The network will support commuter and tourist driving for the growing electric vehicle (EV) sector. Today’s announcement is part of Governor Quinn’s agenda to drive Illinois toward a sustainable future.

“We are building a 21st century infrastructure across Illinois and we need to make sure that it is sustainable for future generations,” Governor Quinn said.

“This new project exemplifies Illinois’ place as the innovation capital of the Midwest, with cutting-edge business practices that create jobs and encourage sustainability.”

The state has joined local governments and the private sector to create the Illinois Route 66 Electric Corridor, a partnership that connects communities along the 300-mile stretch from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River in the Metro East area with a network of high-power EV charging stations. The network will make it possible for EV drivers to travel between Chicago and St. Louis, two of the key urban markets for EVs in the nation.

The cities of Plainfield, Dwight, Pontiac, Normal, Lincoln, Springfield, Carlinville and Edwardsville will each install one or more fast charging stations that are easily accessible from historic Route 66, allowing EV drivers to retrace its original pathway. Each of the seven charging points in the network will include one fast charging station capable of charging vehicles with either CHAdeMO or SAE connectors within 15-20 minutes and one level 2 (240/120 volt) charging station. Installation of the charging stations will begin this month, with targeted completion by summer 2015.

The project is supported by auto manufacturers, including BMW, Illinois-based Mitsubishi and Nissan, which is contributing the charging station to be installed in Edwardsville.

"The State of Illinois' Route 66 EV corridor is consistent with Mitsubishi Motors North America's desire to affect a broader acceptance of EVs through user-friendly infrastructure," MMNA General Manager of Corporate Communications Dan Irvin said. "It is our belief that projects like this will help our state maximize the possibilities of EVs."

“Residents and visitors alike will soon be able to enjoy the sites, attractions and mystique of the state’s Historic Route 66 with easy access to charging stations for their electric vehicles,” Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity Director Adam Pollet said. “It’s truly an electrifying addition to the ‘mile after magnificent mile’ to be discovered in Illinois.”

The University of California - Davis, one of the world’s leading universities on sustainable transportation, provided technical assistance for project planning.

“Illinois has one of the better combinations of price and carbon emissions per kilowatt-hour of electricity in the nation,” Gustavo Collantes, with the UC Davis Policy Institute and lead of the Zero Emission MAP initiative, said. “This infrastructure has the clear potential to save drivers money while delivering environmental benefits to the state and the nation.”


Further Information:





Route 66, the 'Mother Road' http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/route66/index.html


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Multi-state ZEV plans



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[edit] EV Sales

March 2016

Tesla supercharged.jpg

Elon Musk wows with newly unveiled Tesla Model 3, nets 133,000 pre-orders and counting

Model 3 Elon TW.png

Elon-musk-tesla-model 3.jpg

Musk: The car represents the culmination of a long-held dream to bring affordable, zero-pollution vehicles to the world's highways.

With CO2 levels and global temperatures at record highs, the Model 3 will help bring engineering solutions to the climate change problem.

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Electric/EV Info

(added chronologically)

EV Sales Blog - http://ev-sales.blogspot.com/

Insider EVS - http://insideevs.com/monthly-plug-in-sales-scorecard/

Green Car Reports - http://www.greencarreports.com/news/electric-cars

EV Connect - EV Together


[edit] EV Travel Charging / Corridor Maps

Charging locations

http://www.plugshare.com/ (mobile)

https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/plugshare/id421788217?mt=8 (iOS app)

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.xatori.Plugshare&hl=en (Android app)

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http://www.westcoastgreenhighway.com/electrichighways.htm - West Coast Green Highway


http://www.theevproject.com/charging-maps.php - The EV Project

http://www.energy.ca.gov/2015publications/CEC-600-2015-015/CEC-600-2015-015.pdf - Corridor Fast Charging in California

http://inhabitat.com/tesla-supercharging-stations-enable-effortless-travel-from-la-to-new-york/ (2014)

http://inhabitat.com/google-maps-now-indicates-electric-vehicle-charging-stations - Google Maps News, EV Charging Locations - (2011)

http://www.pev4me.com/find-public-charging-stations-for-your-electric-car-using-the-plugshare-app/ - Find Your EV Plugshare(2012)

What if you could charge your car from photovoltaic solar panels fitted to the roof of your home?

http://www.wired.com/2014/10/envision-solar-ev-charger/ - Back to the beginning of solar power for car charging (2014)


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EV home charger Leviton EVB40-5PT Level 2.jpg

[edit] Getting Millions of Zero Emission Cars on the Road By 2025

  • UC Davis Initiative Playing a Key Role in Multi-State Action Plan

A UC Davis project to accelerate the market adoption of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) was highlighted in a recently-released plan to get 3.3 million advanced, clean cars in eight states on the road by 2025. ZEVs include battery-electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel cell electric vehicles.

Zero Emission Market Acceleration Partnerships (ZE MAP), a project of the UC Davis Policy Institute for Energy, the Environment and the Economy, Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS-Davis), and Plug-In Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Research Center (PH&EV Center), has been providing technical assistance since last fall to state and local governments working to expand ZEV adoption. Eight of those states – California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Vermont – released a multi-state ZEV Action Plan in May 2014...


The ZE MAP was launched last fall at a meeting with nearly 50 key leaders from state and municipal governments across the nation pledging to work together on critical strategies to build the market. Participants described their activities, highlighted successes and outlined challenges they face with supporting and implementing market introduction and advancement of these advanced clean cars.

ZE MAPPING was created to provide technical support to groups such as eight states working to implement a multi-state Action Plan. Participation in ZE MAP goes beyond those eight states -- more than 20 governmental entities are benefiting from leading-edge accessible data, analysis and expertise that UC Davis brings to the ZE MAP with its 25 years of interdisciplinary expertise in sustainable transportation...








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GreenPolicy360: *Solar-charging Stations

BMW-Solar Charging Point.jpg

Going Green Best Practices check sm.png

Picture EV Corridors with 21st Century infrastructure

First Up -- Solar-charging Stations via BMW and EIGHT Point.One


More Photos/Solar-Powered Charging Station

Designed by EIGHT, Germany

EIGHT Point.One

How will they work?



Electric-vehicle credit Karlis Dambrans-Flickr.jpg

Maps via http://www.afdc.energy.gov/ - Alternative Fuels Data Center

http://www.afdc.energy.gov/locator/stations/ - Stations Locator
http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/data_methods_stations.html - AFCD Data Mapping Methods

As of April 20, 2016 - 20,823 Alternative fuel stations mapped in the United States

Prepping for the Zero-Carbon Highway

-- Via Streets / 2016

In order to fight climate change, we’re heading into a zero-carbon future.

Manufacturers are now racing to match the driving distance of Tesla’s offerings...

BMW and GM, along with other American and European companies, use the Combined Charging System (CCS). This is also known as “SAE Combo” in North America because it expands upon the previously-mentioned SAE J1772 standard by adding two extra DC pins on the bottom. A CCS port can accept either a low-power charge plug or a high-power one, though a high-power plug can’t fit into a low-power socket. Despite that problem, it seems like it should be one of the more popular systems, but it’s the youngest standard and the others have had a head start.

Nissan and other Japanese automakers use a system called CHAdeMO. This uses a large, round plug which isn’t physically compatible with the SAE standard at all, so a high-speed charging socket needs to be placed adjacent to the normal low-speed SAE port on any vehicle that uses this system. CCS and CHAdeMO installations may vary in power between 20 kW up to about 60 kW, making them capable of restoring 60 to 180 miles of range to a 100 mpge car in an hour, although development is continuing on versions that will push that significantly higher.

And that brings us to Tesla, who bring the smallest and sleekest design, able to do both low-speed and high-speed charging through a single unified connector. However, the downside is that this requires adapters whenever non-Tesla charging stations are encountered. Tesla offers adapters for both low-speed SAE and high-speed CHAdeMO plugs, but nothing (yet) for the CCS standard. Their high-speed charging system is called the Supercharger, and can pump 120 kilowatts of power or more, allowing peak charging rates of 360 miles per hour. Again, this ends up being slower in practice due to the slowdown as batteries fill up, but Tesla says that cars equipped with their 85 kilowatt-hour battery pack, good for 257 to 270 miles of range depending on model, can be fully recharged in 70 minutes.

There are already more than 3,500 fast DC chargers deployed through the country across the three different standards. Mapping them out, they reveal some surprising patterns.

Composite of maps showing coverage for CHAdeMO, SAE Combo/CCS, and Tesla fast DC chargers, plus a fourth showing all stations using the previous 3 standards plus Level 2 charging stations...

Deployment patterns for the various charging station types.

The two standardized systems are mostly clustered in metropolitan areas, but include some corridors that were probably sponsored by state governments or other regional entities. CHAdeMO has the most stations, but CCS is catching up. One issue is that CHAdeMO and CCS installations usually only have one or two chargers per station, which can be troublesome if you need to charge and come across one that’s already in use, blocked, or broken. The small sites greatly increase the chance that you’ll have to go somewhere else or sit and wait for a long time to get an available charger.

Tesla appears to be the only entity that’s thinking nationally about fast-charging infrastructure, and has stretched them along multiple corridors across the country, facilitating coast-to-coast travel. Notably, the first cross-country leg of the Supercharger network was built through southern Minnesota, and company employees used it to smash the record time for cross-country EV travel in February 2014. Tesla averages more than 4 chargers per station, and some installations have two or three times that number. Despite having the smallest number of stations, Tesla has the largest number of DC fast charger outlets and the broadest coverage area.

The company intended their Supercharger network to primarily be used for intercity travel, so they sometimes aren’t available in metropolitan areas. Still, when combined with the extended coverage area available through the (somewhat expensive) CHAdeMO adapter, Tesla maintains a strategic advantage over other automakers.

Most new CHAdeMO and CCS stations are being built with dual-standard chargers, like the one from the University of Minnesota that I pictured above. Dual-standard chargers are apparently only about 5% more expensive than ones only operating on one of the two, so it makes sense to just include both types of connectors. It’s conceivable that future stations may be triple- or quad-standard, including J1772 and/or Tesla adapters, allowing all types of vehicles to use them, but I hope one of the three fast-charging types will eventually become dominant and we won’t have to worry about the mess of different plugs a decade from now.

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