Food Pages: On Earth Food Politics
Think seasonal, sustainable, local and healthy
"Eating is an agricultural act" -- Wendell Berry
SJS / GreenPolicy360 Siterunner:
Michael Pollan was a friend of ours, our team of Bioneers at Seeds of Change in Santa Fe in the early 90s. We exchanged ideas about food diversity and the underlying importance of diversity of seed stock in 'alternative agriculture', the seeds selected and saved for their best of season qualities and grown out to be planted over the decades and centuries. Plant biodiversity is, as we used to say, is "nature's strategy of survival". The multiple varieties of edibles contrast with the selection of a few varieties that comprise industrial "monoculture". The diversity of plant and food varieties begins with what are often called "heirloom" seeds and traditional seeds as opposed to the hybrid, patented seeds and planting regimens with high petrochemical inputs of industrial agriculture.
Michael Pollan's The Seed Conspiracy is revealing in telling this story and his writing which we provided research resources has, in many ways, helped to spread awareness and a food revolution in the US. Read Michael's 1994 long-form article for NY Times Magazine. It becomes the basis for his many subsequent books as he speaks of organic ag, open pollinated seeds, corporate agriculture, food, restaurants, and health.
Speaking of corporate food companies and large-scale industrial influence over food, Seeds of Change and its out-in-front name recognition in health and wellness and its networking of relationships in the new and fast-growing whole food/organic field, found itself in the mid-90s a takeover by the Mars/Masterfoods corporation. This was a case study of how big ag is eating up independent companies who were focusing on healthy foods and challenging the packaged food industry and industrial produce/fruit with large-scale exposures to pesticides and other petrochemical ag products. In the US, the acquisition of Seeds of Change was a forerunner in a series of acquisitions by large corporations of organic/natural/wellness brands who were pioneering a new fast expanding market sector -- healthy, natural, whole foods -- as consumers were becoming aware of its nutrition, health benefits, taste, and overall environmental benefits.
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News & Updates:
Via the Guardian / Sept 26, 2017
The sixth mass extinction of global wildlife already under way is seriously threatening the world’s food supplies, according to experts.
“Huge proportions of the plant and animal species that form the foundation of our food supply are just as endangered [as wildlife] and are getting almost no attention,” said Ann Tutwiler, director general of Bioversity International, a research group that this week published a new report.
“If there is one thing we cannot allow to become extinct, it is the species that provide the food that sustains each and every one of the seven billion people on our planet,” she said in an article for the Guardian. “This ‘agrobiodiversity’ is a precious resource that we are losing, and yet it can also help solve or mitigate many challenges the world is facing. It has a critical yet overlooked role in helping us improve global nutrition, reduce our impact on the environment and adapt to climate change.”
Three-quarters of the world’s food today comes from just 12 crops and five animal species and this leaves supplies very vulnerable to disease and pests that can sweep through large areas of monocultures, as happened in the Irish potato famine when a million people starved to death. Reliance on only a few strains also means the world’s fast changing climate will cut yields just as the demand from a growing global population is rising.
There are tens of thousands of wild or rarely cultivated species that could provide a richly varied range of nutritious foods, resistant to disease and tolerant of the changing environment...
Via USA Today / August 2017
Three mega-mergers of agricultural chemical and seed companies are reshaping global food production and prompting fears of higher costs for farmers and higher food prices for consumers.
They are also prompting concerns for environmentalists and others about their impact on biodiversity since the even-larger corporations will promote genetically modified seeds and the pesticides and herbicides that make them effective.
Critics of the mergers of the China National Chemical Corp. (ChinaChem) with Swiss chemical and seed company Syngenta, Dow Chemical Co. with DuPont, and Germany’s Bayer with St. Louis-based Monsanto say the new companies will promote agriculture that is dependent on their patented chemicals rather than focusing on innovation.
“This is monopoly capitalism in action,” said Marion Nestle, the Paulette Goddard professor of nutrition, food studies, and public health at New York University. “The fewer the companies, the more they call the shots and the more impervious they are to complaints about unfair business practices. If your only source of seed is one company, you have no choice but to pay that company’s prices. In our present agricultural system, farmers are the ones getting squeezed. Expect the squeeze to get tighter...”
Beyond the economic impact of such corporate concentration, environmentalists say dependence on chemical pesticides and herbicides, some with traits genetically bred into patented seed varieties, have already been shown to harm pollinating insects, like honey bees.
The impact of some agricultural chemicals on certain species has been established...
Because of business-friendly court decisions in the 1980s, the top three seed companies — Monsanto, DuPont Pioneer and Syngenta — have devoted much of their research and development budgets to patented seed varieties. BayerCropScience and DowAgroSciences, also among the top 10 seed producers globally, did the same.
In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that an Indiana farmer had infringed on Monsanto’s patent for soybeans resistant to the herbicide in its Roundup weed killer by planting seeds bought from a grain elevator rather than buying the seeds from a dealer and paying Monsanto’s licensing fee.
Some farmers have complained that the ancient farming practice of saving back part of harvested seed for the next year’s planting has been upended by increased use of patented seed varieties. The large seed companies can be expected to continue to push intellectual property laws in less-developed Southern Hemisphere countries where seed saving is still the standard practice, according to Hope Shand, an independent researcher on the board of the Seed Savers Exchange, which promotes biodiversity from its headquarters in Decorah, Iowa.
More at GreenPolicy Seed Saving
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In contrast to organic food production that often begins with heirloom/open pollinated seed stock, the large agricultural producers/agribusiness corporations principally use 'mono-culture' agricultural techniques necessitating patented, hybrid seeds provided by international companies such as Monsanto, DuPont and Syngenta, who control approximately 50% of the global proprietary seed market.
- Note: As of Aug 2015: Monsanto-Syngenta "Monsanto, the world’s largest seed company, is attempting to swallow up the chemical operations of Syngenta, the world’s largest producer of pesticides and other farm inputs"
- Mega-merger: Monsanto seeks takeover of Syngenta, world's largest crop chemical company
- Syngenta is the world's largest crop chemical producer and Monsanto, known for its genetically-modified (GM) seed regime, makes Roundup, the popular glyphosate-based herbicide. In March, glyphosate was classified as “probably” carcinogenic to humans by a branch of the World Health Organization.
- As the most powerful multinational biotech corporation today, Monsanto has drawn the ire of farmers and consumers for its firm grip on the global food chain. The company's control and advancement of GMO seeds is of prime concern, as they symbolize the company's consolidation of agricultural processes. This consolidation has been blamed by some for a sharp spike in suicide rates among Indian farmers, many of whom could not afford to continue buying Monsanto's Ready Roundup seeds used in tandem with the company's herbicide.
- Monsanto's track record has been scrutinized ever since it aided US warfare in Vietnam. Agent Orange was manufactured for the US Department of Defense primarily by Monsanto Corporation, the use of which is estimated to have killed and maimed around 400,000 while causing birth defects for 500,000 children.
- Scientific studies have linked the chemicals in Monsanto's biocides to Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer’s disease, autism, and cancer.
- Biotech companies purport that GMOs are key to feeding the world's growing population, but this claim has been heavily contested. A recent report found that GMO "seed companies' investment in improving yields in already high-yielding areas does little to improve food security; it mainly helps line the pockets of seed and chemical companies, large-scale growers and producers of corn ethanol."
- GMO crops and ingredients have been consumed in the US for more than two decades. Large amounts of corn, soybeans, and canola produced in the US are genetically engineered. As much as 75 percent of processed food made in the US contains GMO ingredients.
- Monsanto first introduced glyphosate weed killers in 1974. GMO seeds have caused use of glyphosate to increase immensely since the 1990s, according to US Geological Survey data.
- The effects of biochemicals on wildlife, including pollinators such as honeybees and monarch butterflies, are also a point of concern. For instance, since 1990, about 970 million of the butterflies – 90 percent of the total population – have vanished across the United States, according to the US Fish and Wildlife Service. At least part of the blame rests on the boom in Roundup use. Roundup, the herbicide marketed to farmers and homeowners as an effective method for eliminating plants like milkweed, is widely blamed for decimating the butterflies’ only source of food in the Midwest.
- In the European Union, suspicions that neonicotinoids pesticides are responsible for mass deaths among honeybees have led to bans on such chemicals.
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As multinational corporations have bought up seed companies in developed and developing countries, a pattern has emerged of exclusivity, where traditional seed stock is set aside and farmers are required to use company hybrid seeds and accompanying chemical inputs. Hybrid/patented seeds require intensive petrochemical/agribusiness inputs. The multiple costs of 'externalities' such as water pollution, soil depletion, pesticide impacts, economic dislocations, and non-sustainable production methods that damage local communities are now coming into view.) Alternatives such as open pollinated seeds and independent agricultural methods are being reconsidered as viable production methods without the external costs.
Multiple issues, political and business, are increasingly being debated re: production/yields/healthy products/soil depletion/acquifer/water depletion and longer term sustainability of agribusiness -- local and global agriculture is re-examining its production and future...
- See more: 'The Food Movement, Rising' -- http://michaelpollan.com/articles-archive/the-food-movement-rising
- Wendell Berry and a food 'obsession' by environmentalist writer Michael Pollan thinking about the roots of food -- http://michaelpollan.com/articles
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Seeds: Without Patents and Corporate Controlled Petrochemical Inputs
- Preserving biodiversity, heirloom/traditional seed stock, varieties of species, sustainability...
- Food production that aims for water saving, soil saving, minimal pesticide/herbicide use...
- Food production that aims for healthy food products that are a basis to independent eco-nomics...
- Alternative agriculture practices that are diverse, resilient and community-oriented...
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GreenPolicy360 Food-related Categories and Pages:
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Civil Eats - http://civileats.com/
Food in Schools / Eat Healthy ! What's Wrong with That ?
By David Smith / The Guardian / May 13, 2017
First Lady Michelle Obama presents the Childhood Obesity Task Force action plan, “Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity Within a Generation," during a press conference at the Eisenhower Executive Office Building in Washington, D. C., on Tuesday, May 9th.
Michelle Obama made her strongest political intervention since leaving the White House, stating bluntly at a health conference: “Think about why someone is OK with your kids eating crap.”
One of the former first lady’s signature legacies was an effort to reduce childhood obesity. Earlier this month, Donald Trump’s administration froze regulations that would cut sodium and increase whole grains served in school meals.
“We have a lot more work to do, for sure, but we’ve got to make sure we don’t let anybody take us back because the question is, where are we going back to?” Obama told a Partnership for a Healthier America summit in Washington.
“This is where you really have to look at motives, you know. You have to stop and think: why don’t you want our kids to have good food at school? What is wrong with you?”
The remarks prompted cheers and applause from a packed hotel ballroom. Seemingly liberated from her official role, Obama was by turns combative, exasperated, feisty, incredulous, passionate, peeved and sardonic.
The 53-year-old demanded: “And why is that a partisan issue? Why would that be political? What is going on? You know, now that’s up to moms. Moms, think about this. I don’t care what state you live in. Take me out of the equation. Like me, don’t like me, but think about why someone is OK with your kids eating crap. Why would you celebrate that? Why would you sit idly and be OK with that?
“Because here’s the secret: if somebody is doing that, they don’t care about your kid, and we need to demand everyone to care deeply about kids. That’s all we have. So we should be driving this and every elected official on this planet should understand: don’t play with our children. Don’t do it.”
Along with the delay in nutrition standards for school lunches announced by the US agriculture secretary, Sonny Perdue, the Trump administration has also postponed rules instructing restaurants, grocery stores and other outlets to put calories counts on their menus.
Evidently riled, Obama continued: “‘You shouldn’t know what you’re eating.’ Think about that. Stop there, think about that. ‘You shouldn’t know what you’re eating.’ You’re OK with that? Do you know people who are OK with that? I mean, I just find myself thinking, this isn’t my fight, you know, this is where you’ve got to look yourself in the eye.
“We need to look our neighbors in the eye and kind of go: ‘What is going on?’ Because this just isn’t that complicated, you know. Just tell me what’s in my food. Why is that a problem? So you have to ask yourself, what’s going on, because I don’t get it. I don’t understand it.”
Sam Kass, a former White House chef and senior policy adviser for nutrition who was interviewing Obama, noted suggestions that an update on nutrition facts labels on food packages could also be slowed.
Obama interjected, with sarcasm: “‘Keep families ignorant.’ That’s all I’m hearing. ‘You don’t need to know what’s in your food. You can’t handle that, Mom. Just buy this, be quiet, spend your money, you buy this, don’t ask us about what’s in your food, you know.’ How does that feel? How does that feel? ‘This isn’t information that you should know. We shouldn’t change a label to make it clearer and easier for you to just break down what you’re buying.’
“So consumers out there – again, I don’t care where you’re from, what your party is – I would be highly insulted by that thought. ‘You want to talk about nanny state and government intervention? Well, you just buy the food and be quiet. You don’t need to know what’s in it.’ That’s essentially what a move like this is saying to you, mom. They think you don’t care because what they hear from are the people who want their kids to eat whatever they want to eat.”
With Trump seemingly eager to reverse Obama’s work, advocates are increasingly pinning hopes on the private sector. This week, companies including Mars and Cumberland Farms announced initiatives with Partnership for a Healthier America, the foundation Obama helped create alongside her “Let’s Move!”initiative to combat childhood obesity.
She did not mention Trump or other administration officials by name on Friday but, in warning how bad diets can lead to children being affected by diabetes, she remarked pointedly: “And I hope you have healthcare.”
Obama began the session on a lighter note, reflecting on her life since leaving the White House.
“Everything is really great,” she said. “Being ‘former’ is all right … The president’s good. He’s running around out there in the world with his shirt unbuttoned.”
Weather and food costs are intertwined, as each year’s harvest is shaped by the weather and the availability of water. Cases in point are the severe droughts unfolding this year in California and Brazil. It’s also connected to a historic lack of water along with a lack of clarity on how to prioritize limited resources of water that are available, or what the foodservice industry should—or even could—be doing.
... climate change and water scarcity affect the foodservice industry today, along with strategies for managing the cost and supply of food, and protecting our water resources and businesses in the coming years.
Will Sarni, director of enterprise water strategy for Deloitte Consulting, delivered sobering projections:
- In 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population will be living in water-stressed or water-scarce areas.
- By 2025, an estimated 45% of the global GDP will be generated in water-scarce/stressed areas of the world.
Sarni goes on to explain. We are depleting our water assets. We are basically mining groundwater, Sarni explained, meaning we are extracting water faster than it can be recharged (especially with industrial production methods that often require large volume aquifer pumping). In essence we’re taking it out of the bank, which offers no buffer for any of the shocks triggered by drought or climate change.
"Let’s deal with some of the structural issues that we’re facing in terms of how we manage water, price water and value water from both an economic and human perspective. The past is not a guide to the future. Things really have changed. We need to look at what the world will look like going forward."
Sarni calls for more pragmatic management of water resources and adopting the concept of analyzing "virtual water," the water footprint of any product, food or otherwise, that requires water to manufacture it, import it or export it. It’s fundamental to know how much water it takes to grow something and then know where it goes...
Menus of Change Initiative - http://www.menusofchange.org/
Solutions to today’s food-related social and environmental concerns... such as:
- Obesity, diabetes, and healthcare costs
- The sourcing and production of our food
- The challenge of feeding an additional two billion people by 2050, as global resources decline
Menus of Change: The Business of Healthy, Sustainable, Delicious Food Choices is a ground-breaking initiative from The Culinary Institute of America (CIA) and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health that examines these key issues. Launched in 2012, the initiative aims to create a network of collaboration among America’s most talented chefs, nutrition and environmental scientists, farm and fisheries experts, food service executives, and policy makers.
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SJS / Siterunner: One of the first acquisitions by corporate giants of 'whole food/healthy food' start-ups was the purchase of "Seeds of Change" by the Mars company in 1997 (see illustration below.)
Your GreenPolicy siterunner was a supporter of the Seeds of Change mission and worked to establish its publishing division, as well as put together the initial book agreements and tours across the US. The message was biodiversity, healthy foods, alternative agriculture.... the work spread the message of our Bioneers and today, in 2016, the message and work continue twenty-five year plus and going strong...
The corporate food world is changing with its acquisitions and efforts to 'go with the times' as more and more of us become aware of the benefits of good food, not junk food, fast food, damaging foods. The curve of food and agriculture is bending toward awareness within the health/wellness fields toward a recognition of the crucial importance of diet and nutrition, of food as medicine, even as corporate production/marketing inertia continues to push the old ways, industrial harvesting and production of processed and treated foods.
In the past two decades new options have hit the shelves in markets everywhere. Let's give a shout out and a h/t to those of us who continue to put forward alternatives, new ways for food choice and a vision for healthy lives.
Food choices are key to healthy lives.