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Clean Water Act
Congress first passed the Federal Water Pollution Control Act in 1972. Amending the law five years later in what became known as the “Clean Water Act” Congress regulated by permit all end-of-pipe or "Point Source" discharges to navigable waters of the United States. In 1987, it extended the Clean Water Act to cover indirect or “Non-Point Source” pollution, most prevalent in stormwater runoff.
Stormwater runoff is water from rain or melting snow that flows from roofs, paved roads and parking lots, bare soil, and sloped lawns that cannot be absorbed in the ground. As it flows, the runoff collects pollutants like fertilizers, pesticides, oil and grease, animal wastes and sediments and carries them directly to coastal waters or to storm drains, which, in the case of coastal communities, often discharge to harbor waters. These pollutants restrict recreational use and degrade the marine habitat resulting in bathing beach closures and shellfish harvesting restrictions.
- • Nutrients: Nitrogen & phosphorous (fertilizers, animal wastes, septic discharge)
- • Man-Made Chemicals: Pesticides & herbicides
- • Pathogens: Bacteria & Viruses from pet waste and failing septic systems
- • Metals: Copper, Lead, Mercury, Chromium in car brake linings and tires
- • Hydrocarbons: Gasoline and Oil leaks from faulty tanks and improper disposal
- • Sediments: Dirt from road runoff and construction sites
- • Organic Materials: Oxygen depleting Leaves, Grass Clippings, Plant Materials
- • Trash and Debris: Litter is aesthetically unappealing and a hazard to wildlife
This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total.
Pages in category "Clean Water"
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total.
Media in category "Clean Water"
The following 36 files are in this category, out of 36 total.
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