Each of us can make a difference if we step up and try our best / Becoming Planet Citizens
Home automation or smart home (also known as domotics or domotica) is the residential extension of building automation and involves the control and automation of lighting, heating (such as smart thermostats), ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or refrigerators/freezers that use WiFi for remote monitoring. Modern systems generally consist of switches and sensors connected to a central hub sometimes called a "gateway" from which the system is controlled with a user interface that is interacted either with a wall-mounted terminal, mobile phone software, tablet computer or a web interface, often but not always via internet cloud services.
While there are many competing vendors, there are very few world-wide accepted industry standards and the smart home space is heavily fragmented. Popular communications protocol for products include X10, Ethernet, RS-485, 6LoWPAN, Bluetooth LE (BLE), ZigBee and Z-Wave, or other proprietary protocols all of which are incompatible with each other.
- An Approaching Energy Revolution in the Home... and Office
- IoT / Internet of Things
- Energy Efficiency
(2016) -- "Smart Home" is a generic definition of any residence that has appliances, lighting, heating, air conditioning, TVs, computers, entertainment audio & video systems, security, and camera systems that are capable of communicating with one another and can be controlled by computerized systems and remotely by a time schedule, from any room in the home, as well as remotely from any location in the world by phone or internet.
Installation of smart products give the home and its occupants benefits that technology and personal computing have brought since the 1980s. A 'smart systems' approach with homes and offices enables savings of time, money and energy. The add-on extensions to any style of home offer immense choice and variety -- from the most sophisticated, modern building to the hut with solar-power driving lighting at night so children can study and mobile phones can be charged.
Many 'smart home' products are currently available in one of four standard protocols (the means of communication between themselves) and all of these are compatible with the internet, phone, and cell phones. The protocol names of the current four systems are: X10, Z-Wave, UPB and EnOcean.
'Smart Products' that utilize the same protocol offer the ability to add products and hardware at a homeowners pace and budget. The system can grow to meet the needs of a changing families as time goes on. Products can be selected from various manufacturers, preventing expensive obsolescence or non-competitive pricing. Issues such as privacy, 'bugs' and 'hacks', 'malware' and 'viruses' are becoming increasingly serious and are being addressed in new security protocols.
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An emerging important feature of a smart home is conservation of the earth's limited resources.
More and more people are becoming aware of the ability to make their homes truly smart — and green — by utilizing home controllers integrated with all home sub-systems to increase savings by controlling lighting, window coverings, HVAC, irrigation and by monitoring usage.
Many home controllers have built-in monitoring systems whereby they calculate and log usage by all connected devices, giving the home owner heightened awareness and the knowledge to make changes as necessary. These systems can even be accessed over the Internet from anywhere in the world so the homeowner can adjust consumption any time, anywhere.
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Note: Another key element of energy efficiency and other personal benefits comes from the awareness of a home and its landscape in relation to its geo-location and -positioning. For many cultures and over many years, the site of a home/domacile of any type was positioned with a sense of/eye to the prevailing land contours/water flow/seasonal winds and daily arc of the sun.
The concepts of 'feng shui' bring in this sense of environmental awareness, as do simple ideas like 'solar gain' where windows face to the south and design elements take into consideration radiation 'g-values and SHGC values'.
Give attention to the natural world as you build or choose your home site, rennovate or simply 'plop down' -- Your place is a special place if you make it so.
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