The Deep Ecology school of thought provides a foundation for the environmental, ecology and green movements and has fostered a system of environmental ethics advocating wilderness preservation, human population control and simple living.
The phrase "deep ecology" was coined by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss in 1973.
Deep Ecology would support the view of Aldo Leopold in his book A Sand County Almanac that humans are "plain members of the biotic community". Deep Ecology proponents also would support Leopold's "Land Ethic": "a thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise."
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Gaia / Gaia Hypothesis
Early influences of Deep Ecology
Mary Hunter Austin
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
Notable advocates of deep ecology
Julia Butterfly Hill
W. S. Merwin