Deep Ecology

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The Deep Ecology school of thought provides a foundation for the environmental, ecology and green movements and has fostered a system of environmental ethics advocating wilderness preservation, human population control and simple living.

The phrase "deep ecology" was coined by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss in 1973.

Deep Ecology would support the view of Aldo Leopold in his book A Sand County Almanac that humans are "plain members of the biotic community". Deep Ecology proponents also would support Leopold's "Land Ethic": "a thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise."

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Early influences of Deep Ecology

Mary Hunter Austin

Rachel Carson

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Aldo Leopold

John Muir

Henry David Thoreau

Friedrich Nietzsche



Notable advocates of deep ecology

David Abram

Michael Asher

Judi Bari

Thomas Berry

Wendell Berry

Leonardo Boff

Fritjof Capra

Savitri Devi

Michael Dowd

Vivienne Elanta

David Foreman

Warwick Fox

Chellis Glendinning

Edward Goldsmith

Félix Guattari

Paul Hawken

Martin Heidegger

Julia Butterfly Hill

Derrick Jensen

Bernie Krause

Satish Kumar

Dolores LaChapelle

Gilbert LaFreniere

Pentti Linkola

John Livingston

Joanna Macy

Jerry Mander

Freya Mathews

Terence McKenna

W. S. Merwin

Arne Næss

Peter Newman

David Orton

Val Plumwood

Theodore Roszak

John Seed

Paul Shepard

Vandana Shiva

Gary Snyder

Richard Sylvan

Douglas Tompkins

Oberon Zell-Ravenheart

John Zerzan

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