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Costa Rica

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San José, Costa Rica

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Costa Rica - News from the Guardian

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Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) -- 2015


UN Circle 1.jpg Costa Rica's INDC plan - PDF PDF-2


The changes in the world’s climate are a reality happening today. It becomes clearer, every day, that this phenomenon will have a larger impact on the country’s development, which is why, the National Development Plan sets, very clearly, climate change as cornerstone of every strategic action to be performed during the next four years. As part of our international commitment, Costa Rica is presenting its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) under the United Nation’s Convention framework for Climate Change, which defines our commitment to climate action from now and until the year 2030.

Costa Rica will center its climate change actions on increasing society’s resilience to the impact of climate change and strengthening the country’s capacity for a low emission development on the long term. Costa Rica will strengthen its climate action with efforts in reduction of emission of greenhouse effect gases, following scientific suggestions of what would be necessary to avoid the worst effect of climate change. Climate action will be based on balanced efforts of adaptation to ensure that communities, especially vulnerable communities, become resilient to the unavoidable impacts of climate change.

Costa Rica is looking into becoming a laboratory for the world’s economy deep de-carbonization process, working with civil society, the private sector, academia, and the international community in order to accomplish it. Costa Rica has a long standing tradition of innovation on hydroelectric generation, in conservation and specially, on matters of climate change. This tradition is well evidenced in the country’s commitment towards the United Nations’ Framework Convention for Climate Change (CMNUCC), to avoid dangerous anthropogenic interference in the climate system and the goal of “keeping the average temperature increase leveled at 2.0 and consider reducing this limit to 1.5”. To accomplish it, global emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) need to stay below a total of 1000 Giga-tons of CO2 from 2012. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) represent the effort each country is willing to commit to build a new climate regime past 2020, based on their capacity and reality. To stay within the limit recommended by scientists to be able to accomplish this goal, such regime would have to be ambitious, be legally binding, set a fair price for carbon and have the necessary means of implementation to address climate change challenges.

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[Wikipedia] Costa Rica is known for its progressive environmental policies, being the only country to meet all five criteria established to measure environmental sustainability. It was ranked fifth in the world, and first in the Americas, in the 2012 Environmental Performance Index. It was twice ranked the best performing country in the New Economics Foundation's (NEF) Happy Planet Index, which measures environmental sustainability, and identified by the NEF as the greenest country in the world in 2009. In 2007, the Costa Rican government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the first carbon-neutral country by 2021...



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