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Internet


The origins of the Internet date back to the development of packet switching and research commissioned by the United States Department of Defense in the 1960s to enable time-sharing of computers. The primary precursor network, the ARPANET, initially served as a backbone for interconnection of regional academic and military networks in the 1970s. The funding of the National Science Foundation Network as a new backbone in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial extensions, led to worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks. The linking of commercial networks and enterprises by the early 1990s marked the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet, and generated a sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional, personal, and mobile computers were connected to the network. Although the Internet was widely used by academia in the 1980s, commercialization incorporated its services and technologies into virtually every aspect of modern life.

The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used interchangeably; it is common to speak of "going on the Internet" when using a web browser to view web pages. However, the World Wide Web or the Web is only one of a large number of Internet services, a collection of documents (web pages) and other web resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs.


World Wide Web
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Wide_Web


Beginning of WWW 89 TimBerners-Lee CERN.jpg


WWW Origins-Foundation, est. by World Wide Web founder Tim Berners-Lee, "devoted to all people having access to the Web"

WebFoundation.org -- "The Web Belongs to All of Us"


Online Privacy
Digital Rights


WWW-global.jpg


[edit] The Worldwide Web, Connecting Planet Earth

  • WWW Origins-Foundation, est. by World Wide Web founder Tim Berners-Lee, "devoted to all people having access to the Web"
WebFoundation.org -- "The Web Belongs to All of Us"


History and Legacy of 'the Web'

Human-computer interaction: electromechanical devices; word processing; hypertext; hypermedia (e-books); the Internet (Arpanet); digital video; databanks..."


1962: "If a computer is capable of logic, then this clearly opens up the most exciting avenues"

Raymond Baxter witnessed the extraordinary power of a computer, in Machines Like Men

@BBCArchive

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xlUnSblYdlc


Six years later: July 1968

The Mother of All Demos, presented by Douglas Engelbart (Stanford / Menlo Park, Calif)

"The Mother of All Demos is a name given retrospectively to Douglas Engelbart's December 9, 1968, demonstration of experimental computer technologies that are now commonplace. The live demonstration featured the introduction of the computer mouse, video conferencing, teleconferencing, hypertext, word processing, hypermedia, object addressing and dynamic file linking, bootstrapping, and a collaborative real-time editor."

Some highlights:

5:00 - input: keyboard, mouse, extra-keyboard

31:30 - mouse

15:45 - todo list associated with a map

1:16:57 - hangouts + collaboratively editing of docs



@OldVideoPro

2017

A 16mm film of this demo was sent to the UK. At the time I was a lowly AV Technician at University College London. I ran the film in the New Chemistry Theatre for all the staff of the University of London Computer Centre and other interested parties. I watched fascinated. However, after 90 minutes, when it ended and the audience of senior London computing academics filed out, I heard several make comments such as "Interesting, but it will never catch on" and "What a waste of time." They had just seen the first ever Mouse, Hypertext, WP, video conferencing, and the Internet (Arpanet). I BELIEVED Doug Engelbart - they didn't! Here we are. years later, after the Xerox Star, Apple's Lisa and Mac and finally Windows. Amazing. As another commenter says, Doug should be as well known as Einstein - and FAR better than Steve Jobs or Bill Gates!



Looking back, years before, in another era there was Memex -- "As We May Think" --1945 / 1959 Memex II

The concept of the memex influenced the development of early hypertext systems, eventually leading to the creation of the World Wide Web, and personal knowledge base software.

In "As We May Think", Vannevar Bush describes a memex as an electromechanical device enabling individuals to develop and read a large self-contained research library, create and follow associative trails of links and personal annotations, and recall these trails at any time to share them with other researchers. This device would closely mimic the associative processes of the human mind, but it would be gifted with permanent recollection...

The pioneer of human–computer interaction Douglas Engelbart was inspired by Bush's proposal for a co-evolution between humans and machines. In a 1999 publication, Engelbart recollects that reading "As We May Think" in 1945 infected him with the idea of building a mechanism that could navigate and extend the pool of human knowledge. Around 1961, Engelbart re-read Bush's article, and from 1962 onward Engelbart developed a series of technical designs. Engelbart updated the Memex microfilm storage desk and thereby arrived at a pioneering vision for a personal computer connected to an electronic visual display and a mouse pointing device. In 1962, Engelbart sent Bush a draft article for comment, Bush never replied. The article was published in 1963 under the title "A Conceptual Framework for the Augmentation of Man's Intellect".


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Links via GreenPolicy's Digital360 Network

Digital Rights Movement

(FB) https://www.facebook.com/allianceforaffordableinternet
(TW) https://twitter.com/a4a_internet
(FB) https://www.facebook.com/CenterForDataInnovation
(TW) https://twitter.com/datainnovation
(FB) https://www.facebook.com/CenDemTech
(TW) https://twitter.com/CenDemTech
(Wiki) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Center_for_Democracy_and_Technology
(News) https://citizenlab.ca/category/lab-news/
(Blog) http://www.codeforamerica.org/blog/
(TW) https://twitter.com/codeforamerica
(FB) https://Facebook.com/CreativeCommons
(TW) https://Twitter.com/creativecommons
124K+ data sets as of 2015 - http://www.data.gov/metrics
EcoInforma http://www.data.gov/ecosystems/ecoinforma/
(TW) https://twitter.com/ePluribusUnum
(TW) https://twitter.com/digiphile
(RSS) https://www.eff.org/rss
(Wiki) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_Frontier_Foundation
(Parker Higgins-EFF) https://twitter.com/xor
Tips, Tools and How-tos for Safer Online Communications from Electronic Frontier Foundation
(recommended by EFF)
Lawgeek Lawrence Lessig's blog
Chilling Effects Clearinghouse
(TW) https://twitter.com/chillingeffects
Cyberlaw @Harvard
Ed Felten's "Freedom to Tinker"
Groklaw
Slashdot: Your Rights Online
Ernest Miller's "The Importance Of..."
Sabrina Pacifi's "Be Spacific"
(TW) https://twitter.com/EPICprivacy
Advancing the International Bill of Human Rights - http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/Compilation1.1en.pdf
  • Fact-Checking Projects
http://www.poynter.org/2017/there-are-now-114-fact-checking-initiatives-in-47-countries/450477/
http://www.poynter.org/2016/there-are-96-fact-checking-projects-in-37-countries-new-census-finds/396256/
Beginning with PolitiFact, the original project at Poynter Institute in St. Petersburg, Florida - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PolitiFact.com
http://www.poynter.org/about-the-international-fact-checking-network/
http://reporterslab.org/fact-checking/
http://reporterslab.org/category/fact-checking/#article-1384
http://reporterslab.org/global-fact-checking-up-50-percent/
(TW) https://twitter.com/fightfortheftr
(TW) https://twitter.com/FreedomofPress
(FreedomPress Organizations) https://freedom.press/organizations
(TW) https://twitter.com/FundarMexico
Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy - https://globalnetworkinitiative.org//principles/index.php
https://globalnetworkinitiative.org/sites/default/files/GNI_-_Principles_1_.pdf
GNU Project - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_Project
(FB) https://www.facebook.com/GovernmentAccountabilityProject
(TW) https://twitter.com/GovAcctProj
(TW) https://twitter.com/TheGovLab
  • GovFuturesLab - Reimagining governance for an age of planetary challenges and human responsibility
(FB) https://Facebook.com/govfutures
App4Gov (TW) https://Twitter.com/App4Gov
(FB) https://www.facebook.com/GovernmentTechnology
(TW) https://twitter.com/govtechnews
(TW) https://Twitter.com/Govtrack
(TW) https://twitter.com/itifdc
(TW) https://Twitter.com/GovFuturesLab
https://archive.org/about/
  • Internet Freedom Festival (IFF)
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/history/
https://www.irex.org/project/internet-freedom-festival
(TW) https://twitter.com/internetsociety
(Blog) http://www.opendatanation.com/news/
http://opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts
http://opendataresearch.org/content/2014/646/towards-common-methods-assessing-open-data-workshop-report
https://www.opendemocracy.net/digitaliberties
https://www.opendemocracy.net/openglobalrights
(TW) https://twitter.com/opendemocracy
(TW) https://twitter.com/OpenGov
(TW) https://Twitter.com/opengovpart
(TW) https://Twitter.com/Open_Institute
(Blog) PublicBodies.org - http://blog.okfn.org/2013/07/09/introducing-open-knowledge-foundation-labs/
(Zine) http://zine.openrightsgroup.org/
(TW) https://twitter.com/openscience
http://www.niemanlab.org/2015/08/arguing-that-politicians-tweets-shouldnt-be-irrevocable-twitter-shuts-down-politwoops-worldwide/
(TW) https://twitter.com/theopenmedia
(TW) https://twitter.com/P2P_Foundation
Civic Hall - http://civichall.org/
  • Privacy Rights in the Digital Age (Published 2016)
http://www.greenpolicy360.net/w/Category:Privacy_Rights


Privacy rights in the digital age-published2016 s.jpg


(TW) https://twitter.com/PublicAgenda
(Wiki) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_Freedom_Law_Center
(FB) https://www.facebook.com/sunlightfoundation
(G+) https://plus.google.com/+sunlightfoundation/posts
(TW) https://twitter.com/sunfoundation
Measuring the Impact of Open Data
(TW) https://twitter.com/tconstituent
(TW) https://twitter.com/webwewant
  • Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MediaWiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Foundation
Jimmy Wales / Founder - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Wales
  • WWW Origins-Foundation, est. by World Wide Web founder Tim Berners-Lee, "devoted to all people having access to the Web"
WebFoundation.org -- "The Web Belongs to All of Us"


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