Berkeley, CA Living Wage
Chapter 13.27 PAYMENT OF LIVING WAGE TO EMPLOYEES OF CITY CONTRACTORS
Section 13.27.010 Title and purpose.
This ordinance shall be known as the "Berkeley Living Wage Ordinance." The purpose of this ordinance is to protect the public health, safety and welfare. It does this by requiring that public funds be expended in such a manner as to facilitate individual self-reliance by employees of City contractors, lessees, recipients of City financial aid and their respective subcontractors.
Section 13.27.020 Definitions.
The following definitions shall apply throughout this ordinance:
A. "City financial aid recipients" means all persons or entities that receive from the City direct assistance in the form of grants, loans, or loan guarantees, in-kind services, waivers of City fees, real property or other valuable consideration in an amount of more than $100,000 in any 12-month period. This term shall not include those who enjoy an economic benefit as an incidental effect of City policies, regulations, ordinances, or charter provisions.
B. "Marina zone" shall mean all land held in trust by the City of Berkeley pursuant to the Public Trust Tidelands grant from the State of California to the City of Berkeley, Stats. 1962, Ch. 55; specifically, Aquatic Park and all land, including submerged land, which is west of Marina Boulevard as it is presently constructed and as if it were extended, in both northerly and southerly directions, to the Berkeley city limits and all land north of Spinnaker Way as it is presently constructed and as if it were extended to the shoreline, to the east, and to the Berkeley city limits, to the west.
C. "Non-profit" shall mean a non-profit organization described in Section 501c(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 which is exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of that code, or any non-profit educational organization qualified under Section 23701(d) of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
Section 13.27.030 Contractors, users of public property, City financial aid recipients and subcontractors subject to the requirements of this chapter.
The persons and entities described below shall comply with the minimum compensation standards established by this chapter to the employees specified herein:
A. For-profit vendors of services, which employ six or more employees and receive contract(s) for $25,000 or more in a 12-month period. Compliance shall be required during the term of said contract(s) as to any employees who spend 25% or more of their compensated time engaged in work directly related to the said contract(s).
B. Non-profit vendors of services, which employ six or more employees and receive contracts of $100,000 or more in a 12-month period. Compliance shall be required during the term of said contract as to any employees who spend 50% or more of their compensated time engaged in work directly related to a City contract.
C. Lessees of public property, licensees, concessionaires, and franchisees, which employ six or more employees and generate $350,000 or more in annual gross receipts. Compliance shall be required during the lease term with regard to any employees who spend 25% or more of their compensated time on the leased property, or engaged in work directly related to the license, concession or franchise.
D. City financial aid recipients, which receive more than $100,000 in loans, or other cash and/or non-cash assistance in any 12-month period. Compliance shall be required for a period of five years following receipt of the aid with regard to employees who spend 25% or more of their compensated time engaged in work directly related to the purpose for which the City provided the aid.
E. Entities within the boundaries of the Marina Zone which employ six or more employees and generate $350,000 or more in annual gross receipts. Compliance shall be required with regard to any employees who spend 25% or more of their compensated time in the Marina Zone.
F. Subcontractors and sublessees of any of the entities, persons, or recipients described in subparagraphs A through D. Compliance shall be required during the term of the contract between the City and the prime contractor, lessee, licensee, concessionaire, franchisee or City financial aid recipient as to any employees who spend 25% or more of their compensated time engaged in work directly related to the City contract, lease, license, concession, franchise or agreement providing financial aid.
Section 13.27.040 Waivers.
The City Council may waive the requirements of this chapter upon a finding and determination that such a waiver is in the best interests of the City.
Section 13.27.050 Compensation required to be paid to specified employees.
Except as provided in Section 13.27.060, an employer subject to this chapter pursuant to Section 13.27.030 shall provide to its covered employees the following minimum compensation terms for the duration of the covered period:
A. Wages. If the employer pays at least $1.62 per hour per employee towards an employee medical benefits plan, which allows the employees to receive employer-compensated care from a licensed physician, the employer shall pay employees an hourly wage of not less than $9.75. If the employer does not provide the employees with such a medical benefit plan, the employer shall pay employees an hourly wage of not less than $11.37. The hourly wage rate required by this section will be adjusted automatically or modified annually pursuant to subsection D.
B. Time-off. Employees shall be entitled to at least 22 days off per year for sick leave, vacation, or personal necessity. Twelve of the required days off shall be compensated at the same rate as regular compensation for a normal working day. Ten of the required 22 days may be uncompensated days off. Employees who work part-time shall be entitled to accrue compensated days off in increments proportional to that accrued by full-time employees. Employees shall be eligible to use accrued days off after the first six months of satisfactory employment or consistent with employer policy, whichever is sooner. Paid holidays, consistent with established employer policy, may be counted toward provision of the required 12 compensated days off.
C. Additional compensation permissible. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit an employer's discretion to provide greater wages or time-off to its employees.
D. The wage rates required in subsection A shall be adjusted annually, effective June 30, to reflect increases during the preceding year in the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers in the San Francisco-Oakland area, as published in April of each year by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
E. Notification of rights under chapter. Employers subject to this chapter pursuant to Section 13.27.030, shall give written notification to each current and new employee of his or her potential rights under this chapter in a form provided by the City. Such notice shall also be posted prominently in areas where it will be seen by all employees.
Section 13.27.060 Required contract provision.
Every City contract, lease, license, concession agreement, franchise agreement or agreement for financial aid with an employer described in Section 13.27.030 or amendment thereto shall contain provisions requiring it to comply with the requirements of this chapter as they exist on the date when the employer entered its agreement with the City or when such agreement is amended. Such contract provisions shall address the employer's duty to promptly provide to the City documents and information verifying its compliance with the requirements of this chapter, and sanctions for non-compliance.
Section 13.27.070 Exemptions.
The requirements of this chapter shall not be applicable to the following employees:
A. An employee participating in a temporary job-training program in which a significant component of the employee's training consists of acquiring specialized job readiness knowledge, abilities or skills (e.g., the importance of proper work attire, punctuality and workplace demeanor.)
B. An employee who is under 18 years of age, employed by a non-profit entity for after school or summer employment or as a trainee for a period not longer than 120 days.
C. An employee working for the employer for a period not exceeding six months in aggregate during any 12-month period.
E. Employees of contractors on City public works projects subject to the requirements of Division 2, Part 7, of the California Labor Code, when said code requires compensation greater than that required by this chapter.
F. Employees who are standing by or on-call according to the criteria established by the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. Section 201. This exemption shall apply only during the time when the employee is actually standing by or on-call.
G. An employee for whom application of the requirements of this chapter is prohibited by state or federal law.
H. An employee subject to a bona fide collective bargaining agreement where the waiver of the provisions of this chapter are set forth in clear and unambiguous terms in such an agreement.
Section 13.27.080 Retaliation and discrimination prohibited.
A. No employer shall retaliate or discriminate against an employee in his or her terms and conditions of employment by reason of the person's status as an employee protected by the requirements of this chapter.
B. No employer shall retaliate or discriminate against a person in his or her terms and conditions of employment by reason of the person reporting a violation of this chapter or for prosecuting an action for enforcement of this chapter.
Section 13.27.090 Employee complaints to City.
A. An employee who alleges violation of any provision of the requirements of this chapter may report such acts to the City. The City Manager may establish a procedure for receiving and investigating such complaints and take appropriate enforcement action.
B. Any complaints received shall be treated as confidential matters, to the extent permitted by law. Any complaints received and all investigation documents related thereto shall be deemed exempt from disclosure pursuant to California Government Code, Sections 6254 and 6255.
Section 13.27.100 Private rights of action.
A. An employee claiming violation of this chapter may bring an action in the municipal court or superior court of the State of California, as appropriate, against an employer and obtain the following remedies:
1. Back pay for each day during which the employer failed to pay the compensation required by this chapter.
2. Reinstatement, compensatory damages and punitive damages.
3. Reasonable attorney's fees and costs.
B. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any other ordinance to the contrary, no criminal penalties shall attach for any violation of this article.
C. No remedy set forth in this chapter is intended to be exclusive or a prerequisite for asserting a claim for relief to enforce any rights hereunder in a court of law. This chapter shall not be construed to limit an employee's right to bring a common law cause of action for wrongful termination.
D. Nothing in this chapter shall be interpreted to authorize a right of action against the City.