Each of us can make a positive difference stepping up & doing our best / Becoming Planet Citizens


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Eco-O @Ecolivia.net  

Virginia Tower Norwood: Planet Citizen, Earth Science Hero

Landsat was a model for all the following earth science research missions from space and is now moving into its fifth decade with Landsat 9.

Virginia Tower Norwood's Vision

Here we focus on the amazing story of Virginia Tower Norwood who invented technology that made LANDSAT's digital spectral imaging possible. In many ways, while inventing and convincing the reluctant aerospace men around her that digital imaging was the way to go, she was also continuing to be a first mover, graduating from MIT and creating a path of success for a next generation of women as scientists and engineers who would change the world.

The following excerpt from the MIT June magazine cover story shows us what went into the first LANDSAT mission -- an ongoing earth imaging and research data bank that is now going on fifty plus years. LANDSAT 9 is about to be launched and the open source archive of digital multispectral imagery is an unprecedented and unequaled font of knowledge tracking changes of Earth's systems and resources over time, a scientific treasure.

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The woman who brought us the world

Via MIT Technology Review

A half-century ago, Virginia Tower Norwood, MIT 1947, invented the first multispectral scanner to image Earth from space. Landsat 1 and its successors have been scanning the planet continuously ever since.

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Always Remembering Our Dreamers & Visionaries

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Visionary Women to Remember and to Watch

Women's Eco-Voices

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The Writing of 'Silent Spring'

Olivia, eco-O: My dad is an environmental activist in Clearwater, Florida with me. Many years ago in Santa Fe, New Mexico in the early 1990's he helped start the Bioneers and established its publishing division. The Bioneers network has been going for over 25 years now, has an annual conference in California with many environmental leaders attending from around the world, and they have published many books. Over all this time, my dad has often said "it's all connected" in nature and that this motto was one of the very first sayings that the Bioneers adopted.

Rachel Carson too saw the "interconnected nature of the universe" and this essential idea is one we should remember as we look at and study nature's diversity and apply science to our observations.

My mother grew up in Florida, surrounded by lakes, many animals and mosquitoes, and has told stories about how she would run with her friends behind the DDT trucks that would spray clouds of gas to kill the mosquitoes. The kids didn't know that DDT had many harmful effects on life, beyond the insects. It took Rachel to point this out.

A story of DDT spraying kids in Florida

Now many years later, Rachel Carson's life and legacy stays with us as a reminder of how we all can make a difference by studying, learning, and acting on our beliefs.

In 1962 — "Silent Spring", Rachel's book "ignited a conservation movement and awakened the modern environmental consciousness..."

A strong, courageous woman and scientist and writer who was a poet with words remains with us always.

As she was dying she wrote to a friend:

"You do know, I think, how deeply I believe in the importance of what I am doing. Knowing what I do, there would be no future peace for me if I kept silent... It is, in the deepest sense, a privilege as well as a duty to have the opportunity to speak out — to many thousands of people — on something so important."

Rachel Carson, "American Experience - 2016

PBS Preview

Rachel Carson: Visionary

Rachel Carson's Silent Sprint (documentary - 1993)

Silent Spring by Meryl Streep

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Do you know who Eunice Foote is? You should. She was a scientist who first talked about the Greenhouse Effect. Her role should be remembered!

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Circumstances Affecting the Heat of the Sun's Rays -- By Eunice Foote

Long before the current political divide over climate change, and even before the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865), an American scientist named Eunice Foote documented the underlying cause of today’s climate change crisis.

The year was 1856. Foote’s brief scientific paper was the first to describe the extraordinary power of carbon dioxide gas to absorb heat – the driving force of global warming...

Ahead of her time, Eunice Foote

Eunice's Scientific Study: "Circumstances affecting the Heat of the Sun's Rays" (1856)

This Lady Scientist Defined the Greenhouse Effect But Didn’t Get the Credit

The morning of August 23, 1856, saw hundreds of men of science, inventors and curious persons gathered in Albany, New York, for the Eighth Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the largest attended to date. The annual meetings of the AAAS brought together scientists from around the United States to share groundbreaking new discoveries, discuss advancements in their fields and explore new areas of investigation. Yet this particular meeting failed to deliver any papers of quality—with one notable exception.

That exception was a paper entitled “Circumstances Affecting the Heat of the Sun’s Rays,” by Eunice Foote. Foote’s paper anticipated the revolution in climate science by experimentally demonstrating the effects of the sun on certain gases and theorizing how those gases would interact with Earth’s atmosphere for the first time. In a column of the September 1856 issue of Scientific American titled “Scientific Ladies,” Foote is praised for supporting her opinions with “practical experiments.” The writers noted: “this we are happy to say has been done by a lady.”

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Do you know about Rosalind Franklin? You should know.

Remember her name. Rosalind Franklin.

She elucidated the key molecule of heredity – DNA

Photograph 51

As a scientist Miss Franklin was distinguished by extreme clarity and perfection in everything she undertook. Her photographs are among the most beautiful X-ray photographs of any substance ever taken. Their excellence was the fruit of extreme care in preparation and mounting of the specimens as well as in the taking of the photographs. She did nearly all this work with her own hands.

She took up its X-ray study where it had been left in the work of Bernal and Fankuchen fifteen years before, using her improved techniques. Watson had put forward the hypothesis that the virus structure was also spiral, but one of quite a different order from that which existed in proteins and in deoxyribonucleic acid. Miss Franklin, with the help of very much better X-ray photographs than had hitherto been obtained, was able in essence to verify this hypothesis and to correct it in detail.

Rosalind's obituary is so sad, but so memorable. - https://rdcu.be/b5NOp

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Jill Pelto's watercolors show a strange beauty in illustrating climate change data

Courtesy of Mother Nature Network

November 8, 2016

For more about Jillian's art -- https://www.etsy.com/shop/GlaciogenicArt / http://www.jillpelto.com/gallery/

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(Photo: Jill Pelto)

'Landscape of Change' was painted using data about sea level rise, glacier volume decline, increasing global temperatures and rise in fossil fuel usage.

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(Photo: Jill Pelto)

Decline of Glacier Mass Balance


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Marjory Stoneman Douglas' Voice in the Dawning of Environmental Consciousness

Remembering Marjory and the school named after her

"There must be progress, certainly. But we must ask ourselves what kind of progress we want, and what price we want to pay for it. If, in the name of progress, we want to destroy everything beautiful in our world, and contaminate the air we breathe, and the water we drink, then we are in trouble." - Majory Stoneman Douglas

Majory Stoneman Douglas, one of the nations most significant environmentalists during the 20th century, steadfastly defended the Florida Everglades in an effort to prevent efforts by real estate and agricultural developers to repurpose the land by draining the swamp. The Everglades are truly a unique treasure of our nation, teeming with wildlife found nowhere else on the planet.


Katharine Hayhoe, Brave Climate Scientist

Director of the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech

Environmentalist-professor-scientist & "evangelical" from Texas

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2018 / U.S. National Climate Assessment / U.S. Carbon Assessment

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Each of us can make a positive difference stepping up & doing our best

Becoming Planet Citizens

Kim Cobb

Professor, School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Georgia Institute of Technology

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What Do Citizens of the U.S. Think About Climate Change

From the Yale University Program on Climate Change Communication



Registered US Voters and Global Warming

"Climate Change in the American Mind / March 2018


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“With every breath we take”

"A single kind of blue-green algae in the ocean ('Prochlorococcus') produces the oxygen in one of every five breaths we take"

~ The Fate of Small Species and the Oceans -- Sylvia Earle

Smithsonian Museum online also sees the small little ones effect on the big picture...

"Tiny Blue-Green"


  • TinyBlueGreen.com / A new website and Discovery Project by Olivia Schmidt with assistance from Steven Schmidt, GreenPolicy siterunner
  • ThinBlueLayer.com / We begin looking more closely and carefully at the oceans of the world, blue-green life, the oxygen produced, and sustainable connections to our "thin blue" atmosphere


Sea Trees
As Planet Citizens, and Planet Citizens, Planet Scientists we look at 'floating ocean grasses and forests', blue-green life in earth's oceans, impacting oxygen in the atmosphere, climate, food-chains and fisheries, maintaining our planet's biosphere...

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"Science is beginning to study the critical role of "the tiny little ones"

Blue-Green Connection to Life on Earth
The Wondrous World of Dr. Sylvia Earle

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"The World Is Blue: How Our Fate and the Ocean’s Are One"

"I see things that others do not..."

~ Saving the Oceans 'Mission Blue-2' Dr. Sylvia's books

Sylvia Earle, the first woman to become chief scientist of NOAA (video), the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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"The Tiny Little Ones - Plankton"
"Ecosystems of the Sea"
Nearly all marine plants are single celled, photosynthetic plankton-algae
Marine plants produce over 50% percent of the oxygen in the atmosphere

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Not Pac-Man, It's Algae

A Game of a Living, Breathing Earth

Subject Matter:

Living Volvox algae releasing its daughter colonies


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Removing Carbon, Adding Oxygen: Plankton's Role is Critically Important

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Young Women Becoming Scientists & Changing the World

Let's look at Rachel Ignotofsky and her art, research and books !
Rachel !
Women in Science Pioneers Who Changed the World

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Women in Science: Seeing & Studying the Earth in Visionary Ways


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Women in Science: Seeing Earth's Sun and the Universe in a Visionary Way

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin

“The Most Brilliant Ph.D Thesis Ever Written in Astronomy”

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Radcliffe Ph.D 1925, first woman tenured within Harvard Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University

I have reached a height that I should never, in my wildest dreams, have predicted 50 years ago. It has been a case of survival, not of the fittest, but of the most doggedly persistent. I was not consciously aiming at the point I finally reached. I simply went on plodding, rewarded by the beauty of the scenery, toward an unexpected goal.

Dr. Payne-Gaposchkin found that helium and particularly hydrogen were vastly more abundant (for hydrogen, by a factor of about one million). Thus, her thesis established that hydrogen was the overwhelming constituent of the stars, and accordingly was the most abundant element in the Universe.

Heliophysics / Solar Science

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Go Rebecca, Go Google Earth Outreach

Google Earth Engine & Outreach

Planet Citizen & Bioneer Rebecca Moore set in motion Google Earth Outreach. The Google Earth Engine is an online environment monitoring platform that makes available to the entire world a dynamic digital model of our planet that is updated daily.

The Google Earth Outreach Engine stores petabytes of satellite data and allows high-performance tools to analyze and interpret this information that can then be visualized on a map...

Communities of #PlanetCitizens observing, networking, sharing information, protecting #PlanetEarth...

Thank you Rebecca for your vision and your day-to-day work to make the vision real for all of us planet citizens, planet scientists



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Rebecca Moore: To explore Timelapse in Google Earth, go to g.co/Timelapse — you can use the handy search bar to choose any place on the planet where you want to see time in motion.

Director, Google Earth, Earth Engine & Outreach

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Jane Goodall speaks at the Bioneers conference



Jane Goodall - National Geographic - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rcL4jnGTL1U

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights


Nobel Prize-Awarded Women

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