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Earth Science Vital Signs

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Revision as of 12:45, 25 June 2019

Evidence / Facts

Climate Change: How Do We Know?

https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


NASA co2-graph-061219.jpg


The Earth's climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 7,000 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives.


Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal

- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia.

Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.

The heat-trapping nature of carbon dioxide and other gases was demonstrated in the mid-19th century. Their ability to affect the transfer of infrared energy through the atmosphere is the scientific basis of many instruments flown by NASA. There is no question that increased levels of greenhouse gases must cause the Earth to warm in response.

Ice cores drawn from Greenland, Antarctica, and tropical mountain glaciers show that the Earth’s climate responds to changes in greenhouse gas levels. Ancient evidence can also be found in tree rings, ocean sediments, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks. This ancient, or paleoclimate, evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming.


Critically Demanded


New Definitions of National Security


Earth planet changing.jpg


"Vital Signs of the Planet"

Critical Missions to Monitor the Health of Earth's Life-Enabling Systems


Pulse of the Planet / Vital Signs... Climate Change

Climate Change: Vital Signs App

Earth Observations

Environmental Security


Measuring and Monitoring

415.26 / May 11, 2019


"We don't know a planet like this." That was the reaction of meteorologist Eric Holthaus to news that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have reached heights not seen in the entirety of human existence -- not history, existence.

According to data from the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is over 415 parts per million (ppm), far higher than at any point in the last 800,000 years, since before the evolution of homo sapiens.


Mauna Loa-NOAA-Observatory.jpg


Weather +
April 19: 413.86 ppm
April 18: 413.43 ppm
April 17: 413.63 ppm


CO2 Levels Now in the Weather Reports


https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/index.html
https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/monthly.html
https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/full.html


Oh Mauna, what a Keeling Curve you have
Keeling's Curve has been called one of the most important scientific works of the 20th century


Mauna Loa - CO2 - Apr2019.jpg


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Earth Science Vital Signs, Pulse of the Planet EOS NASA 2014.png


Visit Pulse of the Planet


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Earth Research: Science to Preserve & Protect Life


NASA Earth science from space May2015.png


Vital Signs: Measuring to Manage


World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice


NASA Climate: Vital Signs of the Planet


Earth Right Now



Earth Science Vital Signs, Pulse of the Planet Climate Essentials.png



Vital Signs: Taking the Pulse of the Planet (video)


Vital Signs, Taking the Pulse of the Planet Sept2014.png


NASA Earth Observing Satellite Fleet / August 2014


Coordinated Earth Measurement


You can manage only what you can measure Dr David Crisp, OCO-2, June 2014 m.jpg


Isn't It Time We Measure?


NASA Earth Sciences - Asks Public to Join In


Earth Science and Monitoring from Space


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NASA Climate


NASA Missions / Earth Right Now


EarthRightNow Earth Science @work via 2014-2015 NASA launches m.png


GPM - Next-generation measurements of global snow and rain
OCO-2 - Measuring atmospheric carbon dioxide
OCO-2 / (TW)
ISS - Rapidscat - Monitoring ocean winds
CATS - Observing pollution, dust and smoke in the atmosphere
SMAP - Studying soil moisture


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Collections of Home Earth Imagery

NASA Scientific Visualization Studio


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NASA MISR.png



The Atmospheric Science Data Center (ASDC) at NASA Langley Research Center

ASDC is a crucial hub for the NASA Earth science program responsible for processing, archival, and distribution of Earth science data in the areas of radiation budget, clouds, aerosols, and tropospheric chemistry


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Climate News


Ecology Studies / Teaching about Climate Change with Infographics


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What Happens in the Arctic Doesn't Stay in the Arctic


Permafrost.jpg



Arctic is in Crisis.png


Arctic Undergoing Most Unprecedented Transition in Human History


Arctic sea ice watch 25 yrs of ice cover change.png


Earth Science Vital Signs, Pulse of the Planet MultiYear Arctic Sea Ice Jan2015 report.png


Arctic Sea Ice News.png



Thwaites Glacier, Antarctica

Thwaites.jpg


What Happens in Antarctica Doesn't Stay in Antarctica

Via National Geographic / Watching Thwaites Glacier Up Close and Personal by Elizabeth Rush

The Thwaites Glacier is often considered one of the most important when it comes to changes in sea level....

Along with Thwaites the overwhelming majority of the world’s glaciers have begun to withdraw...


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